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September 2013 (Volume 91)
Julia Abelson is a professor in the Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics at McMaster University and a member of the Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis, which she directed from 2006 to 2011. She obtained her MSc in health policy and management from the Harvard School of Public Health and her doctorate in social and policy sciences from the University of Bath, England. Her current research program focuses on the design and evaluation of citizen deliberation methods as a source of values input to health policy processes. Through her research, education, and service activities, she works closely with decision makers at national, state/provincial, and regional/local government levels.
David W. Bates is the chief quality officer and senior vice president, and chief of the Division of General Internal Medicine at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, and also the medical director of clinical and quality analysis for Partners Healthcare. He is an expert in patient safety, using information technology to improve care, quality of care, and cost-effectiveness. He is a professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School and a professor of health policy and management at the Harvard School of Public Health, where he co-directs the Program in Clinical Effectiveness. He directs the Center for Patient Safety Research and Practice at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. He is also the president-elect of the International Society for Quality in Healthcare. Bates holds an MD and an MSc.
Jeanne Bertolli is the associate chief for science in the Behavioral and Clinical Surveillance Branch in the Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). She holds a PhD in epidemiology from the University of California, Los Angeles. She began her nineteen-year career in HIV as an Epidemic Intelligence Service officer, on the cusp of treatment breakthroughs that have transformed HIV from a fatal disease to a manageable chronic infection for those who regularly access care and adhere to treatment. Her professional interest is in applying scientific knowledge to promote health and prevent disease among marginalized people.
Jeffrey T. Bosshart is a program management officer at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Prior to joining the CDC in 2003 he was the HIV/AIDS coordinator in the Health Resources and Services Administration’s Southeast Field Office for five years and worked extensively with Ryan White grantees, health centers, and state and local health departments. From 1994 to 1998 he was the health center administrator for the Duval County Health Department’s HIV/AIDS program in Jacksonville, Florida, where he led HIV prevention program activities and directed a large outpatient center providing comprehensive medical and supportive services for persons living with HIV. He received his master of public health and master of social work degrees from San Diego State University in 1992.
Kate Buchacz is an epidemiologist in the Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta. After completing her PhD in epidemiology at the University of California, Berkeley, and working for the Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group in Boston, she joined the CDC’s Epidemic Intelligence Service program in 2002. For the last eight years, she has been serving as the CDC project officer responsible for administering a large prospective cohort study of HIV-infected adults in the United States, the HIV Outpatient Study. Her research interests include analyses of observational HIV cohort data and programmatic work using HIV surveillance data for public health action. Since 2011, she has collaborated with epidemiologists at two local health departments in California on projects utilizing local HIV surveillance data to monitor and help achieve the goals of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy.
Benjamin P. Chapman is an assistant professor in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Rochester, where he studies the role of personality in health outcomes, social inequalities in health, cognitive ability and Alzheimer’s disease, and quantitative methods. He is the recipient of a K08 award from the National Institute on Aging, and was recently awarded an R01 from the same institute. Chapman holds a PhD and an MPH.
Mark R. Chassin is president and CEO of the Joint Commission and president of the Joint Commission Center for Transforming Healthcare. Previously, Chassin was the Guggenheim Professor of Health Policy and founding chairman of the Department of Health Policy at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, and executive vice president for excellence in patient care at the Mount Sinai Medical Center. Chassin also served as commissioner of the New York State Department of Health. He is a board-certified internist, practiced emergency medicine for twelve years, and is a member of the Institute of Medicine. Chassin received his undergraduate, MD, and MPP degrees from Harvard University and his MPH degree from UCLA. He is a fellow of the American College of Physicians.
Jamie J. Coleman obtained his MBChB and MD at the University of Birmingham and has been on the faculty there since 2009, holding a competitive senior clinical lectureship funded by the Higher Education Funding Council for England. He is deputy program lead for the medical degree program and has an extensive portfolio of teaching and research activities. Coleman is a co-principal investigator on a National Institute for Health Research–funded program grant investigating the implementation and adoption of hospital electronic prescribing systems in England. His research interests include drug safety and medication errors, pharmacoepidemiology, adverse drug reactions, clinical decision support systems, and electronic prescribing.
Mary Dixon-Woods is professor of medical sociology in the Department of Health Sciences at the University of Leicester Medical School in the UK, where she leads the Social Science Research Group. Dixon-Woods is a graduate of the University of Oxford, and her interests lie in improving quality in health care and research. She has published over one hundred academic articles. She is deputy editor of BMJ Quality and Safety, co-editor of Chronic Illness, and member of the editorial boards for two other journals. She holds a five-year Wellcome Trust Senior Investigator Award (2012–2017). She is a member of the Health Foundation Improvement Science Network. Dixon-Woods holds a BA, a DipStat, an MSc, and a DPhil.
Paul R. Duberstein is professor of psychiatry and family medicine at the University of Rochester. He earned a BA from the University of Pennsylvania and a PhD in clinical/community psychology from SUNY-Buffalo before completing an internship in clinical psychology at McLean Hospital/Harvard Medical School and a fellowship in geriatric mental health at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry. Duberstein’s interest in health policy emerged from research conducted with colleagues at the University of Rochester Medical Center’s Center for the Study and Prevention of Suicide. Duberstein is interested in researching interventions to improve decision making and communication about emotionally challenging topics (e.g., cancer treatment) in health care settings.
Bruce Friedman is an associate professor in the Departments of Public Health Sciences and Psychiatry at the University of Rochester, where he was previously the director of its PhD Program in Health Services Research and Policy. Friedman received a PhD in health services research, policy, and administration from the University of Minnesota and an MPH from the University of Michigan. He was the recipient of a five-year Mentored Research Scientist Development Award from the National Institute of Mental Health to study the impact of depression and function on health care use and cost. Throughout Friedman’s career his research has focused on health and health care in later life, most recently on depression, disability, and personality.
Lytt I. Gardner is an epidemiologist in the Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). He has been with the Division for fourteen years, and during that time he has done behavioral research studies concerned with interventions that improve entry into care and retention in care of persons infected with HIV. He holds an MPH (1973) and a PhD (1981) from the School of Public Health of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Pamela Morse Garland, at the time of this writing, worked as a health scientist at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention. She holds a master of science in the field of social work from Columbia University and a BS in human development and family studies from the University of Vermont. Her research interests include all aspects of the HIV care continuum, in particular, linkage to and engagement in HIV medical care. She is currently taking time off to be with her two children.
Barry Hoffmaster is professor in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Western Ontario. He received a PhD in philosophy and an MA in public affairs from the University of Minnesota. He served as the director of the Westminster Institute for Ethics and Human Values in London, Ontario, for five years, is a past president of the Canadian Bioethics Society, and is a fellow of the Hastings Center. His major current project is a monograph, Re-Reasoning Ethics, which he is writing with Cliff Hooker.
Cliff Hooker is professor emeritus of philosophy at the University of Newcastle, Australia. He is director of the Complex Adaptive Systems Research Group, researching foundations of self-organization, biocognitive organization—both organismic and scientific evolution—development, and sustainable development. He is the author/editor of more than twenty books and one hundred and fifty papers across these areas plus the foundations of physics. He is a fellow of the Australian Academy of the Humanities and holds a PhD in physics and a PhD in philosophy.
John N. Lavis is the director of the McMaster Health Forum, associate director of the Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis, and a professor in both the Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics and the Department of Political Science at McMaster University. He is also adjunct professor of global health in the Department of Global Health and Population at the Harvard School of Public Health. His principal research interests include knowledge transfer and exchange in public policymaking environments and the politics of health systems. He led the creation and oversees the continuous updating of Health Systems Evidence, the world’s most comprehensive, free access point for high-quality evidence about how to strengthen or reform health systems. He holds an MD and a PhD.
Myles Leslie holds a PhD from the University of Toronto, where he studied death investigations and their role in patient safety. He has worked for Leicester University using qualitative methods to study efforts to reduce central line–associated bloodstream infections, and to redeploy electronic prescribing systems in the service of quality improvement. In his present work at the Johns Hopkins Armstrong Institute he is again using ethnography to understand teamwork and family involvement in intensive care units. He has published in Science, Technology and Human Values, Regulation and Governance, The Milbank Quarterly, and BMJ Quality and Safety.
Jerod M. Loeb is executive vice president for health care quality evaluation at the Joint Commission in Oakbrook Terrace, Illinois. A member of the senior management team, he heads the Division of Health Care Quality Evaluation, which includes the Joint Commission’s activities associated with the development, testing, and implementation of evidence-based standards, survey methods, national patient safety goals, and performance measures across all of the Joint Commission’s various accreditation and certification programs. Since his arrival at the Joint Commission in 1994, Loeb has played a leadership role in identifying, evaluating, and implementing performance measures across the Joint Commission’s numerous accreditation and certification programs. He is involved in a variety of national and international initiatives associated with performance measurement and patient safety. Loeb holds a PhD.
Willard G. Manning is a professor emeritus at the University of Chicago. He holds a PhD in economics and has written extensively on health economics, health services, and health policy, specifically on issues of insurance, health habits, and health status effects in health care. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine.
Graham P. Martin is professor of health organization and policy in the SAPPHIRE Group, Department of Health Sciences at the University of Leicester. His research interests include health care reorganization, professionalism in changing organizational contexts, and service user involvement. His work has been published in journals across the fields of medical sociology, health policy, and public administration.
Joel Minion trained and worked for more than a decade as a librarian and information manager in Canada before moving to the UK in 2006 to complete a PhD in health informatics at the University of Sheffield. Since 2010, he has been a research associate and then senior research manager in the Department of Health Sciences at the University of Leicester. Minion’s main research interests are the organization of data and information in large research projects and the information practices of people living with chronic health conditions.
Kaelan A. Moat is a PhD candidate in the Health Policy PhD Program at McMaster University, where his thesis explores whether, how, and why evidence briefs prepared for priority policy issues influence policy processes across a variety of contexts. His primary research interests include knowledge translation and exchange and the politics of health systems policymaking. He is also lead of Health Systems Evidence at the McMaster Health Forum, where he oversees the ongoing development and maintenance of a continuously updated repository of systematic reviews that address health systems arrangements. He holds an MSc in international health policy from the London School of Economics and Political Science.
Michael J. Mugavero is an associate professor of medicine at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) and co-director of the UAB Center for AIDS Research. His research is focused on clinical, behavioral, and epidemiological aspects across the continuum of HIV care, with particular emphasis on engagement in care and antiretroviral therapy adherence. He served as interventions section chair for the recently published “Guidelines for Improving Entry Into and Retention in Care and Antiretroviral Adherence for Persons with HIV.” Mugavero was the recipient of the 2011 HIV Research Award from the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, and a 2010 recipient of the UAB Graduate Dean’s Award for Excellence in Mentorship. He is also a medical provider at the UAB 1917 HIV/AIDS Clinic. He holds an MD and an MHSc.
Sabi Redwood is a research fellow in medical sociology at the University of Birmingham in the UK, where she works on the National Institute for Health Research–funded Collaborations in Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care program. The themes of her current work are the sociotechnical aspects of health IT, super-diversity and its effects on health and well-being, outreach health services for children, and patient and public involvement in health research and service improvement. She has a doctorate in education, a master of arts in interprofessional health and social care, and a diploma in nursing. She is a registered general nurse, and a registered nurse for sick children.
R. Luke Shouse is a medical officer in the Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). He trained in medicine at Quillen College of Medicine at East Tennessee State University and completed a residency in preventive medicine/public health at Morehouse School of Medicine. From 2003 to 2007, he led the HIV Surveillance and Epidemiology Section in Georgia’s Division of Public Health. In 2007, he joined the CDC’s HIV Incidence and Case Surveillance Branch, where he served the majority of his time as the lead for the HIV Reporting, Analysis, and Evaluation Team. Currently, he leads the Prevention in Clinical Care Team in the CDC’s HIV Capacity Building Branch. Areas of interest include HIV prevention, notifiable disease surveillance, gay/bisexual men’s health, and epidemiology.
Patricia Sweeney is a senior epidemiologist in the HIV Incidence and Case Surveillance Branch of the Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and has worked on HIV surveillance and reporting issues for twenty-five years. She serves as an expert resource on questions of surveillance data security, confidentiality, sharing, and use policies, working within the CDC and with federal, state, local, national, and international public health organizations and partners. She led development of new data security and confidentiality guidelines for the National Center for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention. She received a master of public health in epidemiology from Emory University. Her professional interests include public health law, public health ethics, and application of policy to public health practice.
Peter J. Veazie is an associate professor in the Department of Public Health Sciences at the University of Rochester. He has a PhD in health services research, policy, and administration from the University of Minnesota. He is chief of the Division of Health Policy and Outcomes Research, and director of the Health Services Research and Policy Doctoral Program. Veazie’s research and other scholarly activities include health services utilization, outcomes, and methodology. His primary area of interest is health services–related judgment and decision making.
In This Issue
How Contexts and Issues Influence the Use of Policy-Relevant Research Syntheses: A Critical Interpretive Synthesis