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September 1998 (Volume 76)
Larry L. Bumpass is the N.B. Ryder Professor of Sociology at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. He conducts research on the social demography of the family, which covers cohabitation, marriage, the stability of unions, and fertility (marital and nonmarital), and their implications for children’s living arrangements and subsequent development. He also examines transitions associated with family, work, and health that occur later in life.
Mary C. Daly is an economist at the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. She has most recently been examining the effects of disability on economic well-being, growing income inequality and the shrinking middle class, the impact of increased female labor force participation on the income distribution, and the effect of welfare reform on employment patterns. She currently serves on the National Academy of Social Insurance committee that is evaluating the privatization of the social security system.
Greg J. Duncan is a professor of education and social policy at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois. His research has focused on issues of economic mobility, both within and across generations. He is the author of Years of Poverty, Years of Plenty, published in 1984, which documented the surprising degree of economic mobility in the United States. More recently, he has been studying how economic conditions in families and neighborhoods affect child development and the impact of welfare reform on families and children.
Susan L. Ettner is an assistant professor in the Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston. Her main areas of research are mental health services, long-term care, the relation of work to health, and insurance.
Rebecca Fuhrer is a senior research fellow in the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, England. She is interested in the epidemiology of depression, particularly psychosocial influences on affective disorders, and is currently studying the impact of psychopathology on physical and cognitive morbidity during the aging process.
Michael L. Ganz is a staff associate at the Harlem Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention at the Columbia School of Public Health in New York City, where he conducts research on economic models of health behavior. Recently he has been analyzing data from the Harlem Household Survey. George A. Kaplan is a professor and chair of the Department of Epidemiology at the School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. The focus of his work is on understanding the determinants of health, with a concentration on behavioral, psychosocial, social, and socioeconomic determinants. His recent work on the relations between equity of income distribution and health represents an attempt to demonstrate the links between economic policy and health policy.
Bruce Landesman is an associate professor of philosophy at the University of Utah. He has written on the topic of social justice and on issues in medical and legal ethics.
Bruce G. Link is an associate professor of public health and a research scientist at the New York State Psychiatric Institute in New York City. As a social-psychiatric epidemiologist, he is interested in the consequences of social inequality on the health and well-being of disadvantaged people. His main topics of research are the stigma of mental illness, homelessness, and social determinants of morbidity and mortality.
John W. Lynch is assistant research scientist in the Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, and at the Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. His research area is social epidemiology, particularly the importance of socioeconomic factors for health.
Sarah Marchand is a doctoral candidate in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. She is completing her thesis on justice and health, and she recently coauthored a review essay,”Macroallocation of Health Care Resources,” which will appear in The Blackwall’s Companion to Bioethics.
Nadine F. Marks is an assistant professor of child and family studies in the School of Human Ecology, University of Wisconsin, Madison. She has been examining the psychosocial factors that influence the mental and physical health of middle-aged and older adults. Her recent research has been on the socioeconomic differences in hysterectomy and hormone therapy, the effects of caregiving on well-being, and the ways in which continuity and change in marital status affect mental health.
Michael G. Marmot is a professor in the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health at the International Centre for Health and Society, University College London, England. He is investigating the epidemiology and prevention of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, mental illness, and cancer, with a particular focus on alcohol, nutrition, and the social and cultural determinants of disease. He is the director of the two Whitehall studies of British civil servants.
Mary E. Northridge is deputy director of the Harlem Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, New York City. She is interested in community-based approaches to needed public health interventions in the Harlem community. Recently she has been examining asthma and smoking.
Jo C. Phelan is an assistant professor in the Division of Sociomedical Sciences, Columbia University School of Public Health, New York City. Her core research interest lies in the sources and consequences of social inequality, and she is currently studying its impact on health, homelessness, and public conceptions of mental illness.
Carol D. Ryff is the director of the Institute on Aging and a professor of psychology at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. In her research on positive mental health, she has focused on several topics: its epidemiology, its role in life transitions, and its biological links. She is also examining the role played by psychosocial and biomedical factors in human resilience.
Ken R. Smith is a professor in the Department of Family and Consumer Studies at the University of Utah, Salt Lake City. As a demographer, he is interested in the association between family factors and health outcomes. He is now studying the familial effects of genetic testing for cancer and how the kinship structure over the life course affects human longevity.
S. Leonard Syme is professor of epidemiology (emeritus) at the University of California School of Public Health in Berkeley. He does research on social determinants of disease and develops community interventions based on this research to prevent disease and promote health.
Norman J. Waitzman is an associate professor in the Department of Economics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City. He is interested in the relations between the labor market structure, investment flows, and health outcomes. He is also pursuing research on health care markets, particularly physician supply and public policy under managed care.
Margaret Whitehead is a visiting fellow at the King’s Fund in London and the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden. She is currently directing research on how British and Swedish social welfare policies affect the health of lone parents and unemployed persons. In addition, she is studying resource allocation and the access to health services of various social groups in both countries. She is a member of the Global Health Equity Initiative, and she also sits on the Independent Inquiry into Inequalities in Health in Britain.
Daniel Wikler is a professor in the Program in Medical Ethics and the Department of Philosophy at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. He has published papers in many areas of bioethics and is currently exploring national and international inequities in health and health care.
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Volume 76, Issue 3 (pages 509–512)
Published in 1998
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