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June 2015 (Volume 93)
Ronald Bayer, PhD, is a professor and codirector at the Center for the History and Ethics of Public Health at the Mailman School of Public Health of Columbia University. His research has focused on AIDS, tuberculosis, illicit drugs, and tobacco. He is an elected member of the Institute of Medicine, and has served on its committees dealing with the social impact of AIDS, tuberculosis elimination, vaccine safety, smallpox vaccination, and the Ryan White Care Act. He has been a consultant to the World Health Organization on ethical issues related to public health surveillance, HIV, and tuberculosis. His articles on AIDS have appeared in the New England Journal of Medicine, JAMA, The Lancet, the American Journal of Public Health, and The Milbank Quarterly.
Yoline Kuipers Cavaco, MSc, is public health policy advisor at Milieu Ltd, where she coordinates various European projects and studies on public health in the European Union and the impact of environmental factors and working conditions on the well-being of people and societies. Prior to joining Milieu, she worked at EuroHealthNet, where she was involved in the DRIVERS project. Cavaco has an MSc in biomedical sciences and research communication from Leiden University.
Caroline Costongs, MSc, is managing director of EuroHealthNet. Her main work focuses on policy, advocacy, and research in the field of health inequalities, healthy aging, social inclusion, and “health in all policies.” She is a board member of the Agency for Public Health Education Accreditation (APHEA). Costongs has also worked at the Netherlands Olympic Committee and Sports Confederation (NOC*NSF) on physical activity promotion for young people and at the Health Institute of the Liverpool John Moores University in the United Kingdom. Costongs has an MSc in public health from the University of Maastricht in the Netherlands.
Catherine D. DeAngelis, MD, MPH, is Johns Hopkins University Distinguished Service Professor Emerita and professor emerita at the Johns Hopkins University Schools of Medicine (Pediatrics) and Public Health (Health Policy and Management), and editor-in-chief emerita of JAMA, where she served as the first woman editor-in-chief from 2000 to 2011. She received her MD from the University of Pittsburgh’s School of Medicine, her MPH from the Harvard Graduate School of Public Health, and her pediatric specialty training at the Johns Hopkins Hospital. She has authored or edited 12 books on pediatrics, medical education, and patient care and professionalism and has published over 250 peer-reviewed articles, chapters, and editorials. Her recent publications have focused on professionalism and integrity in medicine, conflict of interest in medicine, women in medicine, and medical education. DeAngelis is a member of the Institute of Medicine and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Royal College of Physicians (United Kingdom). She currently serves on the advisory board of the US Government Accountability Office, is a member of the board of Physicians for Human Rights, and serves on the board of trustees of the University of Pittsburgh.
Pamela Doty, PhD, is a senior policy analyst in the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) at the USD epartment of Health and Human Services (DHHS). She received her PhD in sociology from Columbia University. She has worked for DHHS, first for the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and later for ASPE, since 1980. She is best known for her work on consumer-directed services, including the “cash and counseling” model. She has also participated in other policy research projects related to aging, disability, and long-term care with published findings that address a wide range of topics, including long-term care financing and delivery-system reforms, family caregiving, private long-term care insurance, and comparative international approaches to the financing and delivery of long-term services and supports.
Amanda Fallin, BSN, MSN, PhD, is a nurse and assistant professor at the University of Kentucky College of Nursing. She received her BSN, MSN, and PhD from the University of Kentucky and completed a 3-year postdoctoral fellowship at the University of California, San Francisco, Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education. Her research interests include policy relevant tobacco-control issues and tobacco use among vulnerable populations, including individuals living in rural, tobacco-growing areas.
Linden Farrer, MSc, is policy and research coordinator at EuroHealthNet, where he has helped coordinate the DRIVERS project, evaluated cross-sectoral collaboration in the European Union (EU) School Fruit Scheme, and analysed EU member state and regional policy responses to health inequalities in the European Union. Prior to joining EuroHealthNet, he worked on projects concerning family policy, equal opportunities, employability, disadvantages, and health. He has an MSc in social research methods from the University of Sussex.
Stanton A. Glantz, PhD, is professor of medicine, American Legacy Foundation Distinguished Professor in Tobacco Control, and director of the Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education at the University of California, San Francisco. He studies health effects of secondhand smoke, effects of tobacco-control programs on health outcomes and health costs, the political and policymaking process around tobacco control, and the tobacco industry as a disease vector. He was elected to the Institute of Medicine in 2005.
Lawrence O. Gostin, JD, is University Professor in Global Health Law at Georgetown University, faculty director of the O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, and director of the World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Center on Public Health Law and Human Rights. He has chaired numerous National Academy of Sciences committees, proposed a Framework Convention on Global Health endorsed by the United Nations Secretary-General, served on the WHO Director- General’s AdHoc Advisory Committee on Reforming the WHO, drafted a Model Public Health Law for the WHO and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and directed the National Council of Civil Liberties and the National Association for Mental Health in the United Kingdom, where he wrote the Mental Health Act and brought landmark cases before the European Court of Human Rights. In the United Kingdom, he was awarded the Rosemary Delbridge Prize for the person “who has most influenced Parliament and government to act for the welfare of society.”
David A. Kindig, MD, PhD, is emeritus professor of population health sciences and emeritus vice-chancellor for health sciences at the University of Wisconsin–Madison School of Medicine. He currently is cochair of the Institute of Medicine Roundtable on Population Health Improvement and codirects the Wisconsin site of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) Health & Society Scholars Program. He was an initial coprincipal investigator on the RWJF MATCH grant under which the County Health Rankings were developed and was the founder of the RWJF Roadmaps to Health Prize. He received a BA from Carleton College and MD and PhD degrees from the University of Chicago School of Medicine.
Ninon Lewis, MS, is executive director at the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) and leads IHI’s Triple Aim for Populations Focus Area, encompassing the areas of the Triple Aim, population health, population management, primary care, and community-wide improvement efforts. During her time at IHI, her work has focused on leading large-scale initiatives on population health and the Triple Aim, including the IHI Triple Aim Improvement Community and the Scotland Early Years Collaborative. Before joining IHI, Lewis developed national direct-to-patient education programs, and led a national initiative launched by the office of the US Surgeon General to identify community-driven solutions to childhood obesity. She has a professional and research background in organizational and health communication, community health and development, and coalition building.
Claudia Marinetti, MSc, PhD, is research manager at EuroHealthNet. Her role entails management of research projects, research in specific areas linked to the social determinants of health inequalities and well-being, and linking research-related European initiatives concerning health, health inequities, and their social determinants to EuroHealthNet’s work. Marinetti’s background is in social psychology, with an MSc in organizational and social psychology (University of Padua), and a PhD in social and applied psychology (University of Oxford). Prior to joining EuroHealthNet, she carried out and coordinated research on issues linked to prejudice and discrimination, socioeconomic status, interpersonal attitudes, and conflict.
Pamela Nadash, PhD, is an associate professor of gerontology at the McCormack Graduate School of Policy and Global Studies at the University of Massachusetts Boston. She specializes in health policy issues around older people, including a focus on how market-oriented policies work for this and other populations, and has a long history of working on policies that enable people with long-term care needs to access the services and supports they need. This includes looking cross-nationally at different countries’ long-term care financing and service delivery systems, as well as studying variations in policies and practices among states in the United States.
Kevin Nolan, MA, is statistician, consultant, and senior fellow for the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI). Nolan has served on the faculty of IHI’s Triple Aim Initiative since 2008 and supported development of IHI’s Framework for Spread. Nolan holds a bachelor of science degree in mechanical engineering from the Catholic University of America and a master’s degree in measurement and a master’s degree in statistics both from the University of Maryland. He is a coauthor of the second edition of The Improvement Guide: A Practical Approach to Improving Organizational Performance published by Jossey-Bass in 2009 and the coeditor of Spreading Improvement Across Your Healthcare Organization published by Joint Commission Resources in 2007.
Jennifer L. Pomeranz, JD, MPH, is an assistant professor in the College of Public Health and the Center for Obesity Research and Education at Temple University. She is also a professor of law by courtesy appointment at the Temple University James E. Beasley School of Law. Her research focuses on public health law and policy. Pomeranz earned her juris doctorate from Cornell Law School and master of public health from the Harvard School of Public Health.
Nathalie Racco is a long-term care underwriting expert at the Swiss Reinsurance Company Ltd, Zurich, where she has worked for the past 7 years on the French long-term care private insurance market. She has participated in the development of a specific underwriting long-term care manual and has provided advice to other markets that are developing private insurance products. With her extensive knowledge of long-term care and her training in life and private health insurance and gerontology, Racco is interested in sharing her experience and finding sustainable long-term care solutions for an aging population.
Sara Rosenbaum, JD, is the Harold and Jane Hirsh Professor of Health Law and Policy and founding chair of the Department of Health Policy at the George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services. She also holds professorships in the Schools of Law and Medicine and Health Sciences. A graduate of Wesleyan University and Boston University Law School, Rosenbaum has devoted her career to issues of health justice for populations that are medically underserved as a result of race, poverty, disability, or cultural exclusion. Between 1993 and 1994, Rosenbaum worked for President Clinton, where she directed the drafting of the Health Security Act and designed the Vaccines for Children program, which today provides near-universal immunization coverage to low-income and medically underserved children. Rosenbaum is the leading author of Law and the American Health Care System(Foundation Press, 2012) and has received many national awards for her work in public health policy. She is past chair of AcademyHealth and a member of the Institute of Medicine. Rosenbaum also serves on the CDC Director’s Advisory Committee and is a founding commissioner of the Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission, which advises Congress on federal Medicaid policy.
David Rosner, PhD, MPH, is the Ronald H. Lauterstein Professor of Sociomedical Sciences and professor of history at Columbia University and codirector of the Center for the History and Ethics of Public Health at Columbia’s Mailman School of Public Health. He is also an elected member of the Institute of Medicine. In addition to receiving numerous grants, he has been a Guggenheim Fellow, a recipient of a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Investigator Award, a National Endowment for the Humanities Fellow, and a Josiah Macy Fellow. He and Gerald Markowitz are coauthors on 10 books, including Deceit and Denial: The Deadly Politics of Industrial Pollution (University of California Press / Milbank Memorial Fund, 2002; 2013) and Lead Wars: The Politics of Science and the Fate of America’s Children(University of California Press / Milbank Memorial Fund, 2013).
Joshua M. Sharfstein, MD, is associate dean for public health practice and training at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. He served as secretary of the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene from 2011 to 2014, as principal deputy commissioner of the US Food and Drug Administration from 2009 to 2011, and as the commissioner of health in Baltimore, Maryland, from December 2005 to March 2009. From July 2001 to December 2005, Sharfstein served on the minority staff of the Committee on Government Reform of the US House of Representatives, working for Congressman Henry A. Waxman. He serves on the Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice of the Institute of Medicine and the editorial board of JAMA. He is a 1991 graduate of Harvard College, a 1996 graduate of Harvard Medical School, a 1999 graduate of the combined residency program in pediatrics at Boston Medical Center and Boston Children’s Hospital, and a 2001 graduate of the fellowship program in general pediatrics at the Boston University School of Medicine.
Trissa Torres, MD, MSPH, FACPM, is a senior vice president at the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI). Her responsibilities encompass work in several strategic areas, including the pursuit of the IHI Triple Aim, the transformation of primary care, and the engagement of community partners to improve the health of populations and communities. A preventive medicine physician by training, Torres served for 18 years as medical director of Genesys Health Works at Genesys Health System in Michigan, where she led population health initiatives to transform care delivery to improve the health of the community. She has been actively involved with IHI’s Triple Aim since its initial prototyping phase, serving initially as champion for her participating organization and more recently as Triple Aim faculty.
John W. Whittington, MD, is the lead faculty on the Triple Aim and a senior fellow at the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI). He has been involved as a faculty member on numerous IHI projects, including safety, spread, inpatient mortality reduction, the Executive Quality Academy, and engaging physicians in a shared quality agenda. He is part of the IHI research and development team. He previously served as the medical director of knowledge management and patient safety officer for the OSF Healthcare System. Prior to holding that position, he worked for many years as a family physician. Whittington received his undergraduate degree and medical degree from the University of Illinois. He completed his residency in family practice at Saint Francis Medical Center in Peoria, Illinois.
Gail R. Wilensky, PhD, is an economist and senior fellow at Project HOPE, an international health foundation. She directed the Medicare and Medicaid programs and served in the White House as a senior adviser on health and welfare issues to President George H.W. Bush. She was also the first chair of the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission. Her expertise is in strategies to reform health care, with particular emphasis on Medicare, comparative effectiveness research, and military health care. Wilensky currently serves as a trustee of the Combined Benefits Fund of the United Mine Workers of America and the National Opinion Research Center, and is on the Board of Regents of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, the Visiting Committee of the Harvard Medical School, and the Board of Directors of the Geisinger Health System Foundation. She is an elected member of the Institute of Medicine and chair of its Healthcare Servicing Board. She is a former chair of the board of directors of Academy Health and a former trustee of the American Heart Association. She received a bachelor’s degree in psychology and a PhD in economics at the University of Michigan and has received several honorary degrees.
Volume 93, Issue 2 (pages 438–445)
Published in 2015
Swimming Upstream: Probing the Problem of Pollution
Advocacy for Health Equity: A Synthesis Review