The Milbank Memorial Fund is an endowed operating foundation that publishes The Milbank Quarterly, commissions projects, and convenes state health policy decision makers on issues they identify as important to population health.
We focus on a number of topic areas identified by state health policy leaders as important to population health.
The Center for Evidence-based Policy at Oregon Health & Science University is a national leader in evidence-based decision making and policy design.
Keep up with news and updates from the Milbank Memorial Fund. Get the latest from thought leaders, including Christopher F. Koller, president of the Fund.
We publish The Milbank Quarterly, as well as reports and issues briefs on topics important to population health.
September 2014 (Volume 92)
Ronald Bayer is a professor and codirector at the Center for the History and Ethics of Public Health at the Mailman School of Public Health of Columbia University. His research has focused on AIDS, tuberculosis, illicit drugs, and tobacco. He is an elected member of the Institute of Medicine, and has served on its committees dealing with the social impact of AIDS, tuberculosis elimination, vaccine safety, smallpox vaccination, and the Ryan White Care Act. He has been a consultant to the World Health Organization on ethical issues related to public health surveillance, HIV, and tuberculosis. His articles on AIDS have appeared in the New England Journal of Medicine, JAMA, the Lancet, the American Journal of Public Health, and The Milbank Quarterly. He holds a PhD.
Caroline S. Carlin is an investigator with the Medica Research Institute whose research focuses on choices, quality, and cost in the delivery and financing of health care services. Carlin earned her PhD in health services research from the University of Minnesota, and subsequently held a faculty position in the Department of Applied Economics at the University of Minnesota. Her research is informed by her previous work as a health care actuary (earning Fellowship in the Society of Actuaries designation) and as director of benefits for a national discount retailer. Carlin continues as an adjunct assistant professor in the Department of Applied Economics.
Jon B. Christianson received a PhD in economics from the University of Wisconsin, Madison, and is the James A. Hamilton Chair in Health Policy and Management in the Division of Health Policy and Management at the University of Minnesota. He chaired Academy Health’s annual research meeting in 2007, currently serves on the Institute of Medicine’s Board on Health Care Services, and is a commissioner on the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission. His research and teaching focus is on measurement and reporting of provider performance, physician payment arrangements, employer health benefits strategies, and the structure and performance of the health insurance industry.
Jonathan Cohn is a senior editor at the New Republic and the author of Sick: The Untold Story of America’s Health Care Crisis—and the People Who Pay the Price (HarperCollins Publishing, 2007). He has been a media fellow with the Kaiser Family Foundation and a senior fellow at Demos, and is currently a member of the National Academy of Social Insurance. He has also written for the Atlantic, The New York Times, and Self, among other publications.
Douglas A. Conrad is an economist with specialties in industrial organization and corporate finance. He has a PhD in economics and finance and an MBA from the Graduate School of Business at the University of Chicago and an MHA from the University of Washington. His teaching at the University of Washington focuses on health insurance, managerial finance, and health policy research. His current research examines effects of financial incentives, economic impacts of the Affordable Care Act, performance of integrated health systems, value-based provider payment reform, and applying behavioral economics to health plan competition within health insurance exchanges. He currently serves on the board of the Health Research and Educational Trust and was a founding board member of the Washington Health Benefits Exchange (2011-2014).
Catherine D. DeAngelis is Johns Hopkins University Distinguished Service Professor Emerita and professor emerita at the Johns Hopkins University Schools of Medicine (Pediatrics) and Public Health (Health Policy and Management), and editor-in-chief emerita of JAMA, where she served as the first woman editor-in-chief from 2000 to 2011. She received her MD from the University of Pittsburgh’s School of Medicine, her MPH from the Harvard Graduate School of Public Health, and her pediatric specialty training at the Johns Hopkins Hospital. She has authored or edited 12 books on pediatrics, medical education, and patient care and professionalism and has published over 250 peer-reviewed articles, chapters, and editorials. Her recent publications have focused on professionalism and integrity in medicine, conflict of interest in medicine, women in medicine, and medical education. DeAngelis is a member of the Institute of Medicine and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Royal College of Physicians (UK). She currently serves on the advisory board of the US Government Accountability Office, is a member of the board of Physicians for Human Rights, and serves on the board of trustees of the University of Pittsburgh.
Vicki A. Freedman is a research professor at the University of Michigan’s Institute for Social Research. Her research addresses the consequences of population aging for disability and long-term care. Recent publications focus on late-life disability trends, time use and well-being in later life, behavioral adaptation to functional decline, and related measurement issues. She currently serves as coprincipal investigator of the National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS), a platform for studying late-life disability trends and trajectories, and associate director of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, a long-term study of social, economic, and health-related factors over the life course and across generations. Freedman earned her MA in demography from Georgetown University and her PhD in epidemiology from Yale University.
Anna Frick is currently a master’s degree student at the University of Michigan School of Public Health, studying hospital and molecular epidemiology. She received her BS in microbiology from the University of Michigan in 2013.
Lawrence O. Gostin is University Professor in Global Health Law at Georgetown University, faculty director of the O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, and director of the World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Center on Public Health Law and Human Rights. He has chaired numerous National Academy of Sciences committees, proposed a Framework Convention on Global Health endorsed by the United Nations Secretary General, served on the WHO Director’s Ad Hoc Advisory Committee on Reforming the WHO, drafted a Model Public Health Law for the WHO and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and directed the National Council of Civil Liberties and the National Association for Mental Health in the United Kingdom, where he wrote the Mental Health Act and brought landmark cases before the European Court of Human Rights. In the United Kingdom, he was awarded the Rosemary Delbridge Prize for the person “who has most influenced Parliament and government to act for the welfare of society.”
David Grembowski is professor in the Department of Health Services in the School of Public Health and in the Department of Oral Health Sciences in the School of Dentistry, both at the University of Washington. He also is an affiliate investigator at Group Health Research Institute. His research interests include evaluation methods, prevention, the performance of health programs and health care systems, and the social determinants of population health and health disparities. He is the director of the PhD Program in Health Services and is the author of a textbook, The Practice of Health Program Evaluation (Sage, 2001). He holds an MA and a PhD.
Susan E. Hernandez is a PhD student and research assistant in health services at the University of Washington. Hernandez’s research interests include organizational approaches to improving quality in primary care settings, adoption of patient-centered medical home practices in organizations disproportionately serving minority patients, and eliminating racial/ethnic disparities. Her dissertation will test whether a national patient-centered medical home intervention affects racial/ethnic groups differently. She earned her MPA in health policy and management from the Robert F. Wagner Graduate School of Public Service at New York University and her BA in health care policy from the City College of New York.
Anna Kirkland is associate professor of women’s studies and political science at the University of Michigan. She is the author of Fat Rights: Dilemmas of Difference and Personhood (New York University Press, 2008) and coeditor of Against Health: How Health Became the New Morality (New York University Press, 2010). Her current book project explores how activists and government actors come to know and understand vaccine injuries, and what recent debates over vaccine safety reveal about democratic engagement with volatile scientific questions in the contemporary United States. Recent publications include “Credibility Battles in the Autism Litigation” (Soc Stud Sci. 2012;42:237–261), “The Legitimacy of Vaccine Critics: What’s Left After Autism?” (J Health Polit Policy Law. 2012;37:69–97), and “The Environmental Account of Obesity: A Case for Feminist Scepticism” (Signs. 2011;36:463–486). Kirkland holds a JD and a PhD.
Bernard Lau is a PhD candidate in health services at the University of Washington. His research interests include innovations in payment and benefit models, employer-sponsored wellness programs, and the health care workforce. He is currently evaluating a valued-based insurance design and an employer-sponsored wellness program. He holds an MPH in health policy and management from the University of California, Berkeley.
Denise F. Lillvis is currently a PhD candidate in the Department of Health Management and Policy in the School of Public Health and the Department of Political Science at the University of Michigan. She received an MA in public administration from the Fels Institute of Government at the University of Pennsylvania and a BA from Swarthmore College. Her research focuses on how state-level institutional variation affects public health policies.
Miriam Marcus-Smith is a research manager in the Department of Health Services at the University of Washington, where she manages projects in health delivery and financing. She also works at the Foundation for Health Care Quality as the program director of the Washington Patient Safety Coalition. She is a registered nurse and earned her master’s degree in health administration from the University of Washington. Marcus-Smith has 25 years of experience in quality improvement and patient safety.
Genevieve Pham-Kanter is an assistant professor in the Department of Health Management and Policy at the Drexel University School of Public Health. She also holds a research fellow appointment at Harvard University. Her research focuses on policy questions related to physician-industry relationships and conflicts of interest in medicine. Other research interests include pharmaceutical and medical device policy, physician behavior and physician labor markets, empirical ethics and empirical health law, and health care quality and costs. Methodologically, she specializes in statistical methods used for causal inference. She holds PhD degrees in economics and in sociology from the University of Chicago.
Sara Rosenbaum is the Harold and Jane Hirsh Professor of Health Law and Policy and founding chair of the Department of Health Policy at the George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services. She also holds professorships in the Schools of Law and Medicine and Health Sciences. A graduate of Wesleyan University and Boston University Law School, Rosenbaum has devoted her career to issues of health justice for populations that are medically underserved as a result of race, poverty, disability, or cultural exclusion. Between 1993 and 1994, Rosenbaum worked for President Clinton, where she directed the drafting of the Health Security Act and designed the Vaccines for Children program, which today provides near-universal immunization coverage to low-income and medically underserved children. Rosenbaum is the leading author of Law and the American Health Care System(Foundation Press, 2012) and has received many national awards for her work in public health policy. She is past chair of AcademyHealth and a member of the Institute of Medicine. Rosenbaum also serves on the CDC Director’s Advisory Committee and is a founding commissioner of the Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission, which advises Congress on federal Medicaid policy.
David Rosner is the Ronald H. Lauterstein Professor of Sociomedical Sciences and professor of history at Columbia University and codirector of the Center for the History and Ethics of Public Health at Columbia’s Mailman School of Public Health. He is also an elected member of the Institute of Medicine. In addition to receiving numerous grants, he has been a Guggenheim Fellow, a recipient of a Robert Wood Johnson Investigator Award, a National Endowment for the Humanities Fellow, and a Josiah Macy Fellow. He and Gerald Markowitz are coauthors on 10 books including Deceit and Denial: The Deadly Politics of Industrial Pollution (University of California Press/Milbank, 2002; 2013) and Lead Wars: The Politics of Science and the Fate of America’s Children (University of California Press/Milbank, 2013).
David J. Rothman is professor of social medicine at Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons (P&S) and president of the Institute on Medicine as a Profession. Trained in social history at Harvard University, he first explored the history of mental hospitals, prisons, and almshouses. After joining P&S in 1983, he pursued the history of health care practices and policy with publications including Strangers at the Bedside (Basic Books, 1991), Beginnings Count (Oxford University Press, 1997), and The Pursuit of Perfection(Pantheon, 2003; with Sheila Rothman). He also explored the history of human experimentation and analyzed human rights in medicine. Rothman is now researching professionalism in medicine. He cochaired two task forces: “Health Industry Practices That Create Conflicts of Interest” (JAMA. 2006;295:429– 433) and “Professional Medical Associations and Their Relationships with Industry” (JAMA. 2009;301:1367–1372).
Joshua M. Sharfstein is secretary of the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. He served as principal deputy commissioner of the US Food and Drug Administration from 2009 to 2011 and as the commissioner of health in Baltimore, Maryland, from December 2005 to March 2009. From July 2001 to December 2005, Sharfstein served on the minority staff of the Committee on Government Reform of the US House of Representatives, working for Congressman Henry A. Waxman. He serves on the Health Information Technology Policy Committee for the US Department of Health and Human Services, the Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice of the Institute of Medicine, and the editorial board of JAMA. He is a 1991 graduate of Harvard College, a 1996 graduate of Harvard Medical School, a 1999 graduate of the combined residency program in pediatrics at Boston Medical Center and Boston Children’s Hospital, and a 2001 graduate of the fellowship program in general pediatrics at the Boston University School of Medicine.
Brenda C. Spillman, a health economist in the Health Policy Center at the Urban Institute, is a recognized expert on old-age disability, long-term care use and financing, informal caregiving, and projections of service use and cost for the Medicare elderly. She is principal investigator for the long-term evaluation of Section 2703 Medicaid Health Homes, an initiative intended to improve outcomes for beneficiaries with chronic conditions by integrating delivery of health, behavioral, and supportive services. She also is a coinvestigator for the National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS) and the National Survey of Caregiving (NSOC), a supplement to the first round of NHATS. She holds a PhD.
Louise H. Warrick is an independent health care consultant with broad experience as a health services researcher. As director of clinical quality in a managed care organization, she conducted clinical outcomes studies on depression, diabetes, and heart disease. She was the evaluator on local health care studies focusing on teen pregnancy, frail elderly, tobacco cessation, hospital safety, complexity science, and the use of promotoras along the Mexico-Arizona border. She has collaborated on national studies addressing health plan quality, improving the care to diabetics, identifying and describing high performing hospitals, identifying the effectiveness of clinical decision aids, evaluating physician communication, and funding health care services for the poor and uninsured. She received her DrPH from Columbia University.
Gail R. Wilensky is an economist and senior fellow at Project HOPE, an international health foundation. She directed the Medicare and Medicaid programs and served in the White House as a senior adviser on health and welfare issues to President George H.W. Bush. She was also the first chair of the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission. Her expertise is on strategies to reform health care, with particular emphasis on Medicare, comparative effectiveness research, and military health care. Wilensky currently serves as a trustee of the Combined Benefits Fund of the United Mine Workers of America and the National Opinion Research Center, and is on the Board of Regents of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, the Visiting Committee of the Harvard Medical School, and the Board of Directors of the Geisinger Health System Foundation. She is an elected member of the Institute of Medicine and chair of their Healthcare Servicing Board. She is a former chair of the board of directors of AcademyHealth and a former trustee of the American Heart Association. She received a bachelor’s degree in psychology and a PhD in economics at the University of Michigan and has received several honorary degrees.
Read on Wiley Online Library
Volume 92, Issue 3 (pages 624–631)
Published in 2014
Opposite the Editorial Page: Introducing a New Feature in The Milbank Quarterly
Emerging Lessons From Regional and State Innovation in Value-Based Payment Reform: Balancing Collaboration and Disruptive Innovation