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June 2014 (Volume 92)
Heidi Allen is an assistant professor in the School of Social Work at Columbia University where she teaches courses on health policy and advanced policy practice. She is a former emergency department social worker and spent several years working on state health policy in Oregon. Her research is focused on the role of health insurance in reducing health care disparities. She is a coinvestigator of the Oregon Health Insurance Experiment—the first randomized study in the United States to examine the impacts of a health insurance expansion on uninsured adults.
Rachel Ann Barry is an assistant specialist at the Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education at the University of California, San Francisco. She holds a master of arts degree in political science from San Diego State University and a bachelor of arts degree in international relations and Spanish from Sacramento State University. Her research focuses on the role of health advocates, politicians, and the tobacco industry in influencing tobacco control policies at the state and local level in the United States.
Ronald Bayer is a professor and codirector at the Center for the History and Ethics of Public Health at the Mailman School of Public Health of Columbia University. His research has focused on AIDS, tuberculosis, illicit drugs, and tobacco. He is an elected member of the Institute of Medicine, and has served on its committees dealing with the social impact of AIDS, tuberculosis elimination, vaccine safety, smallpox vaccination, and the Ryan White Care Act. He has been a consultant to the World Health Organization on ethical issues related to public health surveillance, HIV, and tuberculosis. His articles on AIDS have appeared in the New England Journal of Medicine, JAMA, The Lancet, the American Journal of Public Health, and The Milbank Quarterly. He holds a PhD.
Antoine Boivin is a health services researcher, practicing family physician, and adjunct professor at Université de Sherbrooke, Canada. He holds a Clinician-Scientist Award from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research. Upon completion of his family medicine training in Canada, he graduated with distinction with an MSc degree in health services research at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom. In 2012, he completed his PhD in medical science at Radboud University Nijmegen, the Netherlands, with a thesis on patient and public involvement in health care improvement. His current research interests include public involvement, primary health care, quality improvement, integrated care for the elderly, and end-of-life policies.
Lyndal Bond has a PhD in public health and is the principal research officer at the Centre of Excellence in Intervention and Prevention Science in Melbourne, Australia. She holds an honorary professorial appointment at the University of Glasgow. Her research interests include understanding the effects of social and policy interventions on health and the social determinants of health and researching the implementation and sustainability of complex interventions from a systems perspective.
Lauren Broffman is an analyst at the Center for Outcomes Research and Education at Providence Health & Services. She specializes in qualitative methods and is currently studying health care transformation from an organizational and patient perspective. She has an MA in organizational psychology from Columbia University.
Jako Burgers has been head of the Department of Guideline Development and Research at the Dutch College of General Practitioners and a practicing primary care physician in the Netherlands since 2012. He was senior researcher at IQ healthcare, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre from 2008 to 2011, and has authored more than 100 peer-reviewed journal articles on clinical practice guidelines and quality of care. He was a 2008-2009 Commonwealth Fund Harkness Fellow in Health Care Policy and Practice, based at the Harvard School of Public Health. He holds a medical degree from the Free University Amsterdam and a PhD from the Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, where his dissertation, Quality of Clinical Practice Guidelines, received the CARE award in 2002.
Jonathan Cohn is a senior editor at the New Republic and the author of Sick: The Untold Story of America’s Health Care Crisis—and the People Who Pay the Price (HarperCollins Publishing, 2007). He has been a media fellow with the Kaiser Family Foundation and a senior fellow at Demos, and is currently a member of the National Academy of Social Insurance. He has also written for the Atlantic, The New York Times, and Self, among other publications.
Catherine D. DeAngelis is Johns Hopkins University Distinguished Service Professor Emerita and professor emerita at the Johns Hopkins University Schools of Medicine (Pediatrics) and Public Health (Health Policy and Management), and editor-in-chief emerita of JAMA, where she served as the first woman editor-in-chief from 2000 to 2011. She received her MD from the University of Pittsburgh’s School of Medicine, her MPH from the Harvard Graduate School of Public Health, and her pediatric specialty training at the Johns Hopkins Hospital. She has authored or edited 12 books on pediatrics, medical education, and patient care and professionalism and has published over 250 peer-reviewed articles, chapters, and editorials. Her recent publications have focused on professionalism and integrity in medicine, conflict of interest in medicine, women in medicine, and medical education. DeAngelis is a member of the Institute of Medicine and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Royal College of Physicians (UK). She currently serves on the advisory board of the US Government Accountability Office, is a member of the board of Physicians for Human Rights, and serves on the board of trustees of the University of Pittsburgh.
Peter D. Donnelly has been professor of public health medicine at the University of St Andrews since 2008. Prior to taking up that appointment he served as deputy chief medical officer to the Scottish government. His research interests are in the areas of violence reduction, health system governance, and public health policy. He is a member of the technical board of the Milbank Memorial Fund and a regular contributor to the work of the World Health Organization.
Stanton A. Glantz is professor of medicine, the American Legacy Foundation Distinguished Professor in Tobacco Control, and director of the Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education at the University of California, San Francisco. He studies health effects of secondhand smoke, effects of tobacco control programs on health outcomes and health costs, the political and policymaking process around tobacco control, and the tobacco industry as a disease vector. He was elected to the Institute of Medicine in 2005.
Lawrence O. Gostin is University Professor in Global Health Law at Georgetown University, faculty director of the O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, and director of the World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Center on Public Health Law and Human Rights. He has chaired numerous National Academy of Sciences committees, proposed a Framework Convention on Global Health endorsed by the United Nations Secretary General, served on the WHO Director’s Ad Hoc Advisory Committee on Reforming the WHO, drafted a Model Public Health Law for the WHO and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and directed the National Council of Civil Liberties and the National Association for Mental Health in the United Kingdom, where he wrote the Mental Health Act and brought landmark cases before the European Court of Human Rights. In the United Kingdom, he was awarded the Rosemary Delbridge Prize for the person “who has most influenced Parliament and government to act for the welfare of society.”
Richard Grol is emeritus professor of quality of care at Radboud University Nijmegen. He studied law and psychology before entering health services research. For the past 20 years, he was director of the Scientific Institute for Quality of Healthcare, one of the leading institutes on quality and safety in health care in Europe and internationally. Grol authored over 500 scientific publications and over 25 books. He successfully supervised over 80 PhD students. In recognition of his scientific work on quality of health care, he received a Lifetime Career Award of the World Organization of Family Doctors (2005), an honorary fellowship of the Royal College of General Practitioners in the UK (2005), the Order of the Netherlands Lion (2006), a Dutch College of GPs award (2010), and the International Donabedian Award (2014).
Kristin Harding is a program manager at the Center for Outcomes Research and Education at Providence Health & Services in Portland, Oregon. She received her BA in English from Colgate University and completed a program in peace studies at Bradford University in the United Kingdom. She brings a social justice perspective and a background in critical theory to her current work in health services research, and has served as a research team member on several qualitative and mixed-methods studies examining the impacts of health care policy on low-income populations.
John W. Hickenlooper was elected governor of Colorado in 2010. His unconventional road to the capitol began when he left the oilfields of western Colorado in the late 1980s and opened the state’s first brewpub. His business grew, helping to revitalize a now popular neighborhood in downtown Denver, and he became active in Denver’s civic life. He successfully ran for mayor of Denver in 2003, where he served for nearly 8 years. Hickenlooper holds a bachelor’s degree in English and a master’s degree in geology, both from Wesleyan University.
Heikki Hiilamo is a professor of social policy in the Department of Social Research at the University of Helsinki. Hiilamo holds a PhD in social sciences (University of Turku) and in public health (University of Tampere). He has worked as a visiting professor at the University of California, San Francisco, and is a former research professor at the Social Insurance Institution of Finland. Hiilamo has published articles in several international journals on the tobacco industry, inequality, poverty, and social exclusion. His main research interests are tobacco control, inequality and health, and poverty.
Shona Hilton is a program leader with the MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit at the University of Glasgow. She leads a program of research (understandings and uses of public health research) as part of the MRC’s efforts to promote dialogue about current public health policy debates and to contribute toward wider debates about the value of science in contemporary society. Her team conducts empirical research into topical or high-profile public health issues, policies, and research evidence to explore how they are presented via the mass media, and understood or experienced by a range of stakeholders including public audiences.
Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi is a clinical lecturer in the MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit at the University of Glasgow. After studying medicine (MBChB) and genetics (BSc) at the University of Edinburgh, he worked in hospital medicine with a focus on acute medicine and intensive care. He subsequently completed a master’s degree in public health research (MSc) and is now toward the end of his specialization in public health (MFPH). His PhD investigated the relationship between research evidence and public health policy. Currently, he focuses on the evaluation of the health impacts of public policy on population health and health inequalities, and the application of research findings to inform policymaking.
Pascale Lehoux is a full professor with the Department of Health Administration at the Université de Montréal and a researcher with the Institut de Recherche en Santé Publique. She holds the Canada Research Chair on Innovation in Health and has published more than 90 scientific papers and a book with Routledge. Her research has examined computerized medical records, telemedicine, science/policy networks, home care equipment used by patients, mobile and satellite dialysis units, the impact of technology assessment on policymaking, and public involvement. Her current research examines technology development strategies and innovation policy. She holds a bachelor’s degree in industrial design (1989) and a PhD in public health (1996), and completed postdoctoral studies in science and technology dynamics at the University of Amsterdam (1997).
Thomas G. McGuire is a professor of health economics in the Department of Health Care Policy at Harvard Medical School. His research focuses on the design and impact of health care payment systems, the economics of health care disparities, and the economics of mental health policy. McGuire has contributed to the theory of physician, hospital, and health plan payment. His research on health care disparities includes developing approaches to defining and measuring disparities, and study of the theory and measurement of provider discrimination. For more than 30 years, he has conducted academic and policy research on the economics of mental health. McGuire is a member of the Institute of Medicine.
Joseph P. Newhouse is the John D. MacArthur Professor of Health Policy and Management and director of the Division of Health Policy Research and Education at Harvard University. He was the founding editor of the Journal of Health Economics, which he edited for 30 years, and is currently a member of the New England Journal of Medicine editorial board. He has been elected to the Institute of Medicine and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Sara Rosenbaum is the Harold and Jane Hirsh Professor of Health Law and Policy and founding chair of the Department of Health Policy at the George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services. She also holds professorships in the Schools of Law and Medicine and Health Sciences. A graduate of Wesleyan University and Boston University Law School, Rosenbaum has devoted her career to issues of health justice for populations who are medically underserved as a result of race, poverty, disability, or cultural exclusion. Between 1993 and 1994, Rosenbaum worked for President Clinton, where she directed the drafting of the Health Security Act and designed the Vaccines for Children program, which today provides near-universal immunization coverage to low-income and medically underserved children. Rosenbaum is the leading author of Law and the American Health Care System(Foundation Press, 2012) and has received many national awards for her work in public health policy. She is past chair of AcademyHealth and a member of the Institute of Medicine. Rosenbaum also serves on the CDC Director’s Advisory Committee and is a founding commissioner of the Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission, which advises Congress on federal Medicaid policy.
David Rosner is the Ronald H. Lauterstein Professor of Sociomedical Sciences and professor of history at Columbia University and codirector of the Center for the History of Public Health at Columbia’s Mailman School of Public Health. He is also an elected member of the Institute of Medicine. In addition to receiving numerous grants, he has been a Guggenheim Fellow, a recipient of a Robert Wood Johnson Investigator Award, a National Endowment for the Humanities Fellow, and a Josiah Macy Fellow. He and Gerald Markowitz are coauthors of 10 books, including Deceit and Denial: The Deadly Politics of Industrial Pollution (University of California Press/Milbank, 2002; 2013) and Lead Wars: The Politics of Science and the Fate of America’s Children (University of California Press/Milbank, 2013).
Joshua M. Sharfstein is secretary of the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. He served as principal deputy commissioner of the US Food and Drug Administration from 2009 to 2011 and as the commissioner of health in Baltimore, Maryland, from December 2005 to March 2009. From July 2001 to December 2005, Sharfstein served on the minority staff of the Committee on Government Reform of the US House of Representatives, working for Congressman Henry A. Waxman. He serves on the Health Information Technology Policy Committee for the US Department of Health and Human Services, the Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice of the Institute of Medicine, and the editorial board of JAMA. He is a 1991 graduate of Harvard College, a 1996 graduate of Harvard Medical School, a 1999 graduate of the combined residency program in pediatrics at Boston Medical Center and Boston Children’s Hospital, and a 2001 graduate of the fellowship program in general pediatrics at the Boston University School of Medicine.
Gail R. Wilensky is an economist and senior fellow at Project HOPE, an international health foundation. She directed the Medicare and Medicaid programs and served in the White House as a senior adviser on health and welfare issues to President George H.W. Bush. She was also the first chair of the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission. Her expertise is on strategies to reform health care, with particular emphasis on Medicare, comparative effectiveness research, and military health care. Wilensky currently serves as a trustee of the Combined Benefits Fund of the United Mine Workers of America and the National Opinion Research Center, and is on the Board of Regents of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, the Visiting Committee of the Harvard Medical School, and the Board of Directors of the Geisinger Health System Foundation. She is an elected member of the Institute of Medicine and chair of its Healthcare Servicing Board. She is a former chair of the board of directors of AcademyHealth and a former trustee of the American Heart Association. She received a bachelor’s degree in psychology and a PhD in economics at the University of Michigan and has received several honorary degrees.
Bill J. Wright is the associate director of the Center for Outcomes Research and Education at Providence Health & Services in Portland, Oregon. Wright’s research focuses on the intersection of delivery system reform, the social determinants of health, and health outcomes among poor and underserved populations.
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Volume 92, Issue 2 (pages 395–403)
Published in 2014
How Successful Is Medicare Advantage?
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