The Milbank Memorial Fund is an endowed operating foundation that publishes The Milbank Quarterly, commissions projects, and convenes state health policy decision makers on issues they identify as important to population health.
We focus on a number of topic areas identified by state health policy leaders as important to population health.
The Center for Evidence-based Policy at Oregon Health & Science University is a national leader in evidence-based decision making and policy design.
Keep up with news and updates from the Milbank Memorial Fund. Get the latest from thought leaders, including Christopher F. Koller, president of the Fund.
We publish The Milbank Quarterly, as well as reports, issues briefs, and case studies on topics important to population health.
December 2013 (Volume 91)
John Z. Ayanian is the inaugural director of the Institute for Healthcare Policy and Innovation at the University of Michigan, where he also serves as professor of internal medicine in the Medical School, professor of health management and policy in the School of Public Health, and professor of public policy in the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy. He was previously professor of health care policy and medicine at Harvard Medical School. His research focuses on access to care, quality of care, and health care disparities. Ayanian is a graduate of Duke University (BA), Harvard Medical School (MD), and the Harvard John F. Kennedy School of Government (MPP). He is a member of the Institute of Medicine.
Raj Bhopal is Bruce and John Usher Professor of Public Health at the University of Edinburgh and honorary consultant in public health with the National Health Service Lothian Board. His books include Concepts of Epidemiology (Oxford University Press, 2008) and Ethnicity, Race and Health in Multicultural Societies (Oxford University Press, 2007). His publications include about two hundred and fifty journal articles on a range of topics, including epidemiological research specializing in ethnicity and health. He is especially interested in how to respond to knowledge of ethnic inequalities with more effective public health interventions and health services, particularly around cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. Bhopal was the leader of the 19th World Congress of Epidemiology, held in Edinburgh in 2011. He has enjoyed several honors and prizes, most notably being appointed Commander of the British Empire in 2001. He holds a DSc (honorary), an MD and an MPH.
Emma M. Davidson is a research fellow at the Centre for Population Health Sciences at the University of Edinburgh. She graduated in medicine (MBChB) from Edinburgh University in the United Kingdom before pursuing further training and experience in New Zealand. She earned a master’s degree in public health (MPH) from the University of Otago in New Zealand and completed her fellowship with the New Zealand College of Public Health Medicine. Her research interests and current work include health promotion, inequalities in health, additional needs and diversity, noncommunicable disease, and health service planning.
Huw T.O. Davies is a former Harkness Fellow and is currently professor of health care policy and management at the University of St Andrews School of Management. He is also co-director of the Social Dimensions of Health Institute at the Universities of Dundee and St Andrews, and co-founder of the Research Unit for Research Utilization at the University of St Andrews. Davies’s research interests are in service delivery, encompassing evidence-informed policy and practice, performance measurement and management, accountability, governance, and trust. He holds a BA, an MA, an MSc, and a PhD.
Tim Freeman is a senior lecturer in leadership at Middlesex University in the United Kingdom. His research interests are in public sector governance, especially health care, encompassing performance measurement, quality, governance, and leadership. He has a particular interest in the application of critical theory to leadership studies and has published widely in each of these areas. He holds a BA, an MSc, and a PhD.
Timothy Hoff is associate professor of management, health care systems, and health policy at the D’Amore-McKim School of Business and the School of Public Policy and Urban Affairs at Northeastern University. He is also an affiliate of Northeastern University’s Center for Health Policy and Healthcare Research. Hoff is an expert in qualitative methods, physician behavior, the primary care delivery system, health care implementation, and health workforce issues. His research has won national awards from the American Sociological Association and Academy of Management, and he has published widely in a variety of health policy, clinical, management, and sociological journals. Prior to academia, Hoff worked in hospital administration and as a health care consultant. He holds a PhD.
Mark R.D. Johnson is professor of diversity in health and social care, and directs the Mary Seacole Research Centre at De Montfort University, Leicester. He works closely with practitioners, statutory health and local authority bodies, and community groups to develop appropriate models of service delivery and professional training. He is working on collaborative research projects with community and academic agencies, and is co-director of the Centre for Evidence in Ethnicity Health and Diversity (CEEHD). This Centre seeks to collate and validate both qualitative and quantitative research, including material produced by community groups, for incorporation into professional evidence-based practice. CEEHD created the National Health Service Evidence Specialist Collection on ethnicity and health for the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence.
Jing Jing Liu is currently a PhD candidate in social-cultural anthropology at the University of Toronto. She previously held the post of research associate at the Centre for Population Health Sciences at the University of Edinburgh. She has a master’s degree in social psychology from the London School of Economics and Political Science. Her diverse research interests and current work include health promotion, patient needs, China-Africa trade relations, and the anthropology of ethics.
Russell Mannion holds the chair in health systems at the University of Birmingham where he is currently the director of research at the Health Services Management Centre. He also holds long-term visiting professorial positions at the University of Oslo and at the Australian Institute for Health Innovation of the University of New South Wales. He provides policy and research advice to a range of national and international agencies, including the World Health Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the International Society for Quality in Healthcare, the European Health Management Association, the European Union, and Her Majesty’s Treasury. He has won several international prizes for his research, including the Baxter Prize (European book award). He holds a PhD in economics and social policy from the University of Manchester.
Ross Millar is a lecturer in health policy and management at the University of Birmingham. His research interests focus on contemporary developments in health and social care reform encompassing the nature and impact of quasi markets, the development of nonprofit forms of service provision, and the governance of health care organizations, particularly related to quality and safety. He draws on the theoretical traditions of public policy, political science, and organization studies to make sense of these developments and has published a variety of works in these areas. He holds a BSocSci, an MRes, and a PhD.
Gina Netto is a reader in the School of the Built Environment at Heriot-Watt University, with a longstanding interest in ethnicity, inequality, and social justice. After receiving her PhD in applied linguistics at the University of Edinburgh in 1995, she began her research on ethnicity in the social sciences. Her work spans a broad range of policy areas including health, housing, poverty, and employment. Her most recent interests are related to advancing understanding of the use of ethnicity as both a conceptual tool and a political and organizational resource.
Aziz Sheikh is professor of primary care research and development and co-director of the Centre for Population Health Sciences at the University of Edinburgh. He read physiology and medicine at University College London and then undertook his post-graduate studies at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the Imperial College London. Sheikh has a long-standing interest in the relationships between race/ethnicity, religion, health, and health care delivery and has published widely in these fields. He is the co-editor of Caring for Muslim Patients (Radcliffe Publishing, 2008), Caring for Hindu Patients (Radcliffe Publishing, 2008), and Palliative Care for South Asians: Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs (Quay Books, 2005). Sheikh has recently been awarded a Harkness Fellowship in Health Care Policy and Practice from the Commonwealth Fund, and is based at the Division of General Internal Medicine and Primary Care, Brigham and Women’s Hospital/Harvard Medical School in Boston. He holds a BSc, an MBBS, an MSc, an MD, and is a Fellow of the Royal College of General Pracitioners, the Royal College of Physicians, and the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh.
Thomas J. Smith is a medical oncologist and palliative care specialist with a lifelong interest in better symptom management, open and accurate communication, and improving access to high-quality affordable care. He is now professor of oncology and palliative care, and the director of palliative medicine for Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. Smith has a long track record of starting innovative programs with concurrent evaluation of their impact on care and costs, including the Rural Cancer Outreach Program, the Thomas Palliative Care Program, and the Virginia Initiative for Palliative Care, among others. In 2011 he and Bruce Hillner received the ABIM Foundation’s Professionalism Article Prize for their New England Journal of Medicine article “Bending the Cost Curve in Cancer Care” and for leading the “Choosing Wisely” initiatives.
Philip J. Van der Wees is senior researcher at the Scientific Institute for Quality of Healthcare of Radboud University Medical Center in the Netherlands. He is also affiliated with Celsus, the center of excellence in the Netherlands for sustainable health care. His research projects are aimed at quality, implementation, and evaluation of health care. From 2010 to 2012 he was chair of the Guidelines International Network. In 2011 Van der Wees was selected by the Commonwealth Fund for the Harkness Fellowships in Health Care Policy and Practice and he worked at Harvard Medical School in Boston to conduct his fellowship. In 2012 he was also affiliated with the RAND Corporation in Boston to study the feasibility of patient reported outcomes in performance measurement from an international perspective.
Cecile Wabnitz has been a fully qualified general practitioner since 2012, and contributed to the article in this issue while a research fellow of the Scottish Clinical Research Excellence Development Scheme at the University of Edinburgh. She obtained the bachelor of medicine and surgery from the University of Edinburgh in 2006, as well as the diploma for child health in 2010 and the diploma of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists in 2010.
Martin White is professor of public health at Newcastle University and director of Fuse, the Centre for Translational Research in Public Health, a UK Clinical Research Collaboration public health research center of excellence. He graduated in medicine (MBChB) from Birmingham University in the United Kingdom, and earned a master’s degree in public health (MSc) from Newcastle University. His doctoral studies focused on the relationship between food retail access, dietary intake, and obesity, leading to the award of an MD from Birmingham University. His present research focuses on understanding social inequalities in health, and developing and evaluating complex public health interventions to improve health and reduce inequalities. He is a fellow of the United Kingdom’s Faculty of Public Health.
Jacqueline H. Wolf is professor of the history of medicine and chair of the Department of Social Medicine at Ohio University. She holds a BS in journalism from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and a PhD in U.S. history from the University of Illinois at Chicago. She specializes in the history of women’s and children’s health and medicine, the history of public health, and the history of medical ethics. She is the author of Deliver Me from Pain: Anesthesia and Birth in America (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009). She is currently the recipient of a three-year NIH/National Library of Medicine grant to write her third book, a social history of cesarean section in the United States.
Kevin S. Wolf is a fellow of the Society of Actuaries and a member of the American Academy of Actuaries. He works in Chicago at Kevin Wolf & Associates LLC. He has over thirty years of experience in the health care industry. Since 2008 he has served on the Actuarial Foundation’s Diversity Scholarship Committee. From 2000 to 2012 he was a member of the Society of Actuaries/Casualty Actuarial Society Joint Committee on Actuarial Diversity. He wrote a paper for the 2009 Society of Actuaries’ Visions for the Future of the U.S. Health Care System titled “U.S. Health Care System Proposal: Private and Public Choice.” He earned his BS in math education at the University of Wisconsin–Madison.
Alan M. Zaslavsky is professor of health care policy (statistics) at Harvard Medical School. His statistical research interests include surveys, census methodology, small-area estimation, and applied Bayesian methodology. His research in health care policy centers on measurement of the quality of care provided by health plans and health care providers through survey, clinical, and administrative data, including the Medicare implementation of the Consumer Assessments of Healthcare Providers and Systems survey. Other research topics include measurement of disparities in health care and methods for studies in psychiatric epidemiology. He holds an AB (Harvard College), an MS (Northeastern University), and a PhD (Massachusetts Institute of Technology).
Read on Wiley Online Library
Volume 91, Issue 4 (pages 852–858)
Published in 2013
In This Issue
Behavior Change Interventions to Improve the Health of Racial and Ethnic Minority Populations: A Tool Kit of Adaptation Approaches