Notes on Contributors

Sigall K. Bell, co-first author of “Disclosure, Apology, and Offer Programs,” earned her MD from Harvard Medical School, where she is currently an assistant professor of medicine. She serves as co-director of patient safety and quality initiatives at the Institute for Professionalism and Ethical Practice at Boston Children’s Hospital, whose mission is to promote relational learning that integrates patient and family perspectives and the everyday ethics of clinical practice. There she is part of a team that has trained over six hundred interdisciplinary clinician-leaders in medical error disclosure nationally. As a recipient of the Arnold P. Gold Professorship, Bell also conducts research that probes the effects of organizational culture and the “hidden curriculum” on patient safety.

Richard C. Boothman is the chief risk officer for the University of Michigan’s health system and adjunct assistant professor at the University of Michigan Medical School. He holds degrees from the University of Michigan (AB) and the University of Detroit Mercy School of Law (JD). In 2001, he implemented what has become known as the Michigan Model for addressing patient injuries and claims, which has since been the subject of several journal articles, newspaper pieces, and media presentations. He collaborated with then Senators Clinton and Obama toward the introduction of the National MEDiC Act in 2005, testified before the U.S. Senate in 2006, and presently serves as a consultant on two of several Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality grants studying implementation of the Michigan Model in other settings.

Anjali Mitter Duva is a writer and project manager, currently with the Department of Health Care Quality at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. She is actively involved in the development, research, and implementation of grant-funded initiatives geared toward increasing transparency and enhancing patient safety. She has worked extensively in the area of infrastructure development and public health, particularly with regard to water and wastewater systems in developing countries. She holds an MCP and is also a fiction writer.

Cindy Low Gauvreau is a postdoctoral fellow at the Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR) located in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute at St Michael’s Hospital in Toronto. Her research interests lie in maternal and child health, health and economic development, and health care priority setting in developing countries. Currently she co-leads the implementation and analysis of CGHR’s India-wide randomized controlled study on tobacco control and serves on the economics team of the Disease Control Priorities Project. She holds a PhD in health services research, specializing in economic evaluation, and an MA in economics.

Jillian Clare Köhler is an associate professor at the Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy and the Munk School of Global Affairs at the University of Toronto. Her research and teaching are focused on drug access issues for the global poor, the political economy of global pharmaceutical policy, and ethics and corruption in pharmaceutical systems. She has worked as a pharmaceutical policy specialist for the United Nations Development Programme, the World Bank, the World Health Organization, and the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development, and in that capacity advised a myriad of governments on pharmaceutical policy issues. She has published and lectured widely on a diverse range of topics related to pharmaceutical policy.

Nancy Krieger is professor of society, human development, and health at the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) and chair of the HSPH interdisciplinary concentration on women, gender, and health. She is an internationally recognized social epidemiologist (PhD in epidemiology, University of California, Berkeley, 1989), with a background in biochemistry, philosophy of science, and history of public health, plus over twenty-five years of activism linking issues of social justice, science, and health. She is the author of Epidemiology and the People’s Health: Theory and Context (Oxford University Press, 2011), editor of Embodying Inequality: Epidemiologic Perspectives(Baywood Publishing, 2004), and co-editor, with Glen Margo, of AIDS: The Politics of Survival (Baywood Publishing, 1994), and, with Elizabeth Fee, of Women’s Health, Politics, and Power: Essays on Sex/Gender, Medicine, and Public Health (Baywood Publishing, 1994).

Michelle M. Mello is professor of law and public health in the Department of Health Policy and Management at the Harvard School of Public Health. Mello conducts empirical research into issues at the intersection of law, ethics, and health policy. She is the author of more than one hundred articles and book chapters on the medical malpractice system, patient safety, research ethics, public health law, pharmaceuticals, and other topics. Mello holds a JD from the Yale Law School; a PhD in health policy and administration from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; an MPhil from the University of Oxford, where she was a Marshall Scholar; and a BA from Stanford University.

Edward Alan Miller is an associate professor of gerontology and public policy at the University of Massachusetts Boston and adjunct associate professor of health services, policy and practice at Brown University. Miller received his PhD in 2003 in political science and health services organization and policy from the University of Michigan. His research focuses on understanding the determinants and effects of federal and state policies on vulnerable populations. His specializations include aging and long-term care, telemedicine and e-health, intergovernmental relations, and program implementation and evaluation. Miller is a member of the editorial boards of The Gerontologist; the Journal of Aging and Social Policy; the Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law; and World Medical and Health Policy. He organized the April 2012 special issue of the Journal of Aging and Social Policy titled “Critical Essays on Health Care Reform: The Affordable Care Act, Long-Term Care, and Elders.”

Franklin G. Miller is a member of the senior faculty in the Department of Bioethics at the National Institutes of Health. His principal current research interests are the examination of ethical issues in clinical research, the relationship between clinical research and health policy, and the placebo effect. Miller co-authored, with Robert Truog, Death, Dying, and Organ Transplantation (Oxford University Press, 2012). He has edited five books and has written numerous published articles in medical and bioethics journals on the ethics of clinical research, ethical issues concerning death and dying, professional integrity, health policy, pragmatism and bioethics, and the placebo effect. He holds a PhD.

Vincent Mor is the Florence Pirce Grant University Professor of Community Health in the Department of Health Services, Policy and Practice at Brown University and a senior health scientist at the Providence VA Medical Center. At both the VA and Brown, he studies the changing role of the long-term care system in the United States, with funding from the National Institute on Aging, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.

Karin V. Rhodes is an emergency physician and the director of the Center for Emergency Care Policy Research in the Department of Emergency Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. A former Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholar, she completed a residency in emergency medicine along with a master’s degree in health studies at the University of Chicago. Her research focuses on the use of the health care visit and patient-centered health information technology for screening, intervention, and treatment for major psychosocial risks. Her interest in assuring the linkage of emergency patients to appropriate outpatient care resources has resulted in several high-profile simulated patient studies assessing the impact of insurance status on access to care.

Julia Rozanova received a PhD in sociology at the University of Alberta and did postdoctoral training in social gerontology at Brown University. Her program of research explores how culture affects health in later life. As assistant professor in the Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy at the University of British Columbia and adjunct research associate at the Yale School of Public Health, she studies three interconnected domains: cultural determinants of inequalities of successful aging, changing meanings of old age, and interventions that improve aging health. Many of her earlier publications explored portrayals of aging in the social media. Currently, she is examining Relationship Opportunities for Mature Adults Navigating Cyberspace (ROMANCE), funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.

Kenneth Sands is the senior vice president of health care quality at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and an associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School. He received his MD from Dartmouth Medical School in 1987 and his MPH from Harvard University in 1993. Sands has a research interest in patient safety and complications of hospitalization, with particular focus on the prevention of health care–acquired infections. More recent interests have been the detection and prevention of noninfectious health care–related adverse events, health care systems improvement, health care liability reform, and performance improvement education of physician trainees.

Peter B. Smulowitz, co-first author of “Disclosure, Apology, and Offer Programs,” is an instructor in medicine at Harvard Medical School and a faculty member in the Department of Emergency Medicine at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. He has a combined interest in health policy and health services research. Smulowitz previously worked with the Massachusetts State Senate Committee on Health Care Financing during which time he authored a white paper introducing the state legislature to the Disclosure, Apology, and Offer (DA&O) model. He is currently part of the team working on a pilot program of implementation of the DA&O model in select Massachusetts hospitals. Smulowitz holds an MD and an MPH.

Denise A. Tyler is an assistant professor (research) in the Department of Health Services, Policy and Practice and the Center for Gerontology and Healthcare Research at the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University. Her research is focused primarily on nursing workers in long-term care facilities, including ways to improve their work experiences, training, and teamwork. She has researched the ways in which nursing home organizational structure can be enhanced to increase teamwork among direct-care workers, the reasons for declining availability of nursing home–based preemployment training for nursing assistants, cultural competence among nursing home staff, and nursing home culture change. Tyler received her PhD from the Heller School for Social Policy and Management at Brandeis University.

Wendy J. Ungar is a senior scientist in child health evaluative sciences at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, an associate professor in health policy, management, and evaluation at the University of Toronto, and an adjunct scientist at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences. Ungar is the program director for the University of Toronto’s international master’s degree in health technology assessment and management and has held a Canadian Institutes of Health Research New Investigator award. In 2010, Ungar’s book Economic Evaluation in Child Health was published by the Oxford University Press. Ungar studies the application of health economic methods to the pediatric population and is the director of Technology Assessment at Sick Kids ( She holds an MSc and a PhD.

Alan C. Woodward earned a BSEE, an MSBE, and an MD before completing his residency in emergency medicine, which he practiced for more than thirty years, serving as chief of emergency services at Emerson Hospital in Concord, Massachusetts. His multiple leadership positions have included presidency of his medical staff, of the Massachusetts College of Emergency Physicians, and of the Massachusetts Medical Society. He currently pursues interests in public health and health policy, including liability reform and telemedicine.

Stanley Zlotkin is a professor of pediatrics, public health sciences, and nutritional sciences at the University of Toronto. His program, the Sprinkles Global Health Initiative, has focused on research and advocacy to control micronutrient malnutrition in children. Micronutrient malnutrition was ranked as the second highest priority, after HIV/AIDS, by the Copenhagen Consensus in 2004, and as the highest priority in 2008 and 2012. He is an active researcher with support from the National Institutes of Health and other granting agencies. He was appointed to the position of vice president of medical and academic affairs at the Hospital for Sick Children in July 2010. Zlotkin holds an MD and a PhD.

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Volume 90, Issue 4 (pages 791–796)
DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-0009.2012.00683.x
Published in 2012