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June 2012 (Volume 90)
Robert A. Aronowitz is professor of the history and sociology of science at the University of Pennsylvania. He studied linguistics at the University of California, Berkeley, before receiving his MD from Yale School of Medicine. At Penn, Aronowitz was the founding director of the Health and Societies Program and co-director of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health and Society Scholars Program. He is the author of Making Sense of Illness: Science, Society, and Disease (Cambridge University Press, 1998) and Unnatural History: Breast Cancer and American Society (Cambridge University Press, 2007), co-editor of Three Shots at Prevention: The HPV Vaccine and the Politics of Medicine’s Simple Solutions (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010), and has published widely on the history of medicine and disease.
Scott Burris, a graduate of Yale Law School, is a professor at Temple University Beasley School of Law and director of the National Program Office of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s Public Health Law Research program. His research focuses on how laws and law enforcement practices influence health.
Paula L. Bush is a PhD candidate in the Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education at McGill University and a research assistant with Participatory Research at McGill. Her research interests include health and physical activity promotion and participatory research. For her PhD, she developed a research partnership with a YMCA. Since 2008, this partnership has worked to develop and implement a means to evaluate and promote the YMCA teen program. The partners are currently planning subsequent research.
Margaret Cargo is an Australian Research Council Future Fellow in the School of Health Sciences at the University of South Australia in Adelaide. Her research aims to strengthen the causal basis for interpreting the outcomes of community-based indigenous health programs. She has expertise in the process evaluation of complex community-based interventions, participatory research, and theory-driven evidence synthesis. She received a PhD from the Department of Health Care and Epidemiology at the University of British Columbia, specializing in the area of health promotion and disease prevention.
Damien A. Dowd is pursuing a PhD in clinical psychology from the University of Manitoba. His research interests include the subclassification of gamblers as well as the comorbidity of addiction and other mental illnesses. Specifically, he is interested in understanding how different determinants, such as cognition, emotion, biology, ecology, and psychopathology, interact to produce problem gamblers. For his master’s thesis, he is investigating a pathways model of problem gambling using a nationally representative sample. Dowd holds a BA (Hons) in psychology.
Tania Gottschalk is an associate librarian and the education services librarian at the Neil John Maclean Health Sciences Library at the University of Manitoba. She holds an MSc in library and information science from the University of Illinois and a bachelor’s degree from the University of Alberta. Her current work surrounds integrating information literacy, informatics, and evidence-based medicine into health sciences curricula. She regularly conducts literature reviews and provides training on the systematic retrieval of best evidence for researchers and clinicians at the Winnipeg Regional Health Authority and the University of Manitoba.
Lawrence W. Green is a professor in the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics at the University of California, San Francisco, and a member of the Institute of Medicine (IOM). He was formerly director of three federal offices in the Department of Health and Human Services and a vice president for the Kaiser Family Foundation. He has served on the public health faculties at the University of California, Berkeley; Johns Hopkins University; Harvard University; the University of Texas; and the University of British Columbia, and has co-authored several books on health promotion and population health. He currently serves on the Community Preventive Services Task Force, the boards of directors for the North American Quitline Consortium and the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, and two IOM committees.
Trisha Greenhalgh is a family practitioner in London and director of the Global Health, Policy and Innovation Unit within the Centre for Primary Care and Public Health at Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry. She gained her first degree in social and political sciences from the University of Cambridge in 1980 and qualified in medicine from the University of Oxford in 1983. Her research interests lie at the interface between sociology and medicine. She uses innovative interdisciplinary approaches, drawing on narrative, ethnographic, and participatory methods, to explore complex, policy-related issues in contemporary health care.
Jim Henderson retired on December 31, 2011, from the Life Sciences Library at McGill University. He is now devoting his time to the Canadian Virtual Health Library / Bibliothèque Virtuelle Canadienne de la Santé, a pan-Canadian project, which will provide efficient access to electronic resources and library services for all health professionals. He is also active in global health, working on improving access to information via a wiki maintained with colleagues at McGill, and data services, working on initiatives to make statistical and research data more available and integrated with other information resources.
Carol P. Herbert is a professor in the Departments of Family Medicine and Pathology at Western University in London, Canada, and holds an affiliate membership in Participatory Research at McGill and in Western’s Department of Women’s Studies and Feminist Research. She was formerly dean of the Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry. She has been a leader in introducing a participatory research approach to primary care research and co-authored guidelines for participatory research in health promotion. Her research foci have included family violence and sexual assault, clinical health promotion and patient-physician decision making in primary care, and participatory research on health issues in aboriginal communities, including diabetes and health impact of toxic contaminants.
Jennifer K. Ibrahim is the associate director of the National Program Office for Public Health Law Research and an associate professor in the Department of Public Health at Temple University. She earned her BS from Boston College in 1997, MPH from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, in 1999, and PhD in health services and policy analysis and MA in political science from the University of California, Berkeley, in 2002. Prior to joining the faculty at Temple University, she was an American Legacy Foundation Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of California, San Francisco. Ibrahim’s area of research interest is in health policy development and implementation at the state and local level, with a particular focus on tobacco control.
Justin Jagosh is a Canadian Institutes of Health Research Postdoctoral Fellow in the Department of Family Medicine of McGill University. He is a lead author on numerous publications from a realist review of participatory research and is the lead investigator in a related qualitative study to develop key principles of integrated knowledge translation through interviews with participatory research stakeholders. He currently sits on an international Delphi panel to develop quality and reporting standards for realist and metanarrative reviews (RAMESES project) and offers introductory training workshops on realist review methods. He holds an MA and a PhD.
Sara A. Kreindler is a researcher with the Winnipeg Regional Health Authority and assistant professor in the Department of Community Health Sciences at the University of Manitoba. Her key role involves producing knowledge syntheses to help inform regional decision making; she also conducts multi- and mixed-methods research on such topics as care integration, service delivery models, and patient engagement. As a 2010–2011 Harkness Fellow, she recently completed a U.S.-based study of social identity dynamics in nascent accountable care organizations. A Rhodes Scholar, Kreindler obtained her doctorate in social psychology at the University of Oxford.
Ann C. Macaulay is a professor of family medicine at McGill University and since 2006, inaugural director of Participatory Research at McGill (http://pram.mcgill.ca) whose mission is to further scholarship and to promote the knowledge, expertise, and training for participatory research, community engagement, and knowledge translation in health care. She has twenty-five years of experience undertaking research with a wide variety of partners, including indigenous peoples, vulnerable populations, health organizations, and policymakers. Macaulay is a fellow of the College of Family Physicians of Canada, member of the Order of Canada, and foreign associate member of the Institute of Medicine in the United States.
Glen P. Mays is the F. Douglas Scutchfield Endowed Professor of Health Services and Systems Research at the University of Kentucky College of Public Health. Trained in health economics and health services research, he studies the organization and financing of public health services. He directs the Public Health Practice-Based Research Networks Program supported by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. He holds a PhD and an MPH.
Pierre Pluye is associate professor in the Department of Family Medicine at McGill University. Pluye has worked as a general practitioner, and is a specialist in public health (PhD in health promotion). He obtained New Investigator Awards from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the Fond de la Recherche en Santé du Québec. He has expertise in mixed methods studies and mixed studies reviews. He is developing a mixed methods appraisal tool with national and international experts (http://mixedmethodsappraisaltoolpublic.pbworks.com). Specifically, he studies the application of information derived from electronic knowledge resources, and has co-developed the Information Assessment Method (http://iam2009.pbworks.com).
Jon Salsberg is associate director for Participatory Research at McGill University. He has over ten years of experience working in participatory research, knowledge translation, and aboriginal health. He is co-author of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research’s Guide to Researcher and Knowledge-User Collaboration in Health Research, and was invited faculty for their 2008 Summer Institute on Translational Research. Salsberg has worked in both northern and southern aboriginal community settings, has delivered numerous faculty development workshops, and has consulted on participatory projects involving various partners such as patients in urban family practice centers, pharmacists, urban youth, and public health policymakers. He currently teaches advanced participatory research in health in the Department of Family Medicine at McGill.
Jason L. Schwartz is a research fellow in the Department of Medical Ethics and Health Policy at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. His research examines historical, ethical, and policy issues in medicine and public health, with a particular focus on the regulation of pharmaceuticals and vaccines. At Penn, he is also a doctoral candidate in the Department of History and Sociology of Science. He holds master’s degrees in the history and sociology of science and bioethics from the University of Pennsylvania. Beginning in September 2012, he will be the Harold T. Shapiro Postdoctoral Fellow in Bioethics at the Princeton University Center for Human Values.
F. Douglas Scutchfield is director and principal investigator of the new National Coordinating Center for Public Health Systems and Services Research at the University of Kentucky (UK) and is the initial incumbent in the Peter P. Bosomworth Professorship of Health Services Research and Policy at UK. He received his undergraduate degree from Eastern Kentucky University and his MD from UK. He completed residency and fellowship training at Northwestern University, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and UK, and has done additional graduate coursework at the University of Michigan, the University of Minnesota, and Morehead State University. He served as epidemic intelligence service officer at the CDC. Scutchfield is certified by the American Board of Preventive Medicine, and from 1972 to 1985 he was a charter diplomat of the American Board of Family Medicine. He is a fellow of both the American College of Preventive Medicine (ACPM) and the American Academy of Family Physicians. He served as a member of the ACPM Board of Regents and as president of that organization.
Sarena D. Seifer is founding executive director of Community-Campus Partnerships for Health (CCPH), a nonprofit organization based in the United States and Canada that promotes health equity and social justice through partnerships between communities and academic institutions (http://ccph.info). She has led a series of CCPH-sponsored initiatives that have incorporated service learning into health professions education, developed community-based participatory research partnerships, convened community partners for peer support and advocacy, prepared faculty for community-engaged careers in academia, aligned faculty promotion and tenure policies with community engagement, and created mechanisms for peer-reviewed publication of diverse products of community-engaged scholarship. Seifer received her bachelor’s degree from Washington University in St. Louis and her master’s degree in physiology and medical degree from Georgetown University. Prior to joining CCPH, she served as legislative affairs director for the American Medical Student Association, health policy analyst for the Washington State Senate, and director of recruitment and retention for the Northwest Regional Primary Care Association. Throughout her career, she has sought to leverage the knowledge, wisdom, and experience of communities and academic institutions to solve pressing health, social, environmental, and economic challenges.
Erin Sirett is a PhD candidate in cultural and international studies in education at McGill University. She holds a bachelor’s degree in commerce in international business from the University of Victoria. She has worked with international development organizations in several different contexts, prompting her interest in North-South nongovernmental organizations (NGO) partnerships. Her doctoral research focuses on the ways in which international development funding agencies are implicated in facilitating and preventing learning between Canadian and Bangladeshi NGOs. She is also active in movements to promote equity in higher education for historically disadvantaged groups.
Noah Dana Star is currently a master’s degree candidate in the marriage and family therapy program at the University of Winnipeg. He is also the personal coach in the New Realities program at Wolseley Family Place, working primarily with individuals and families in the areas of problematic substance use and intense family conflict.
Geoff Wong is senior lecturer in primary care at Queen Mary, University of London, and a family physician in London. His main research interest is in synthesizing evidence from complex social interventions, in particular using the realist review method. He is currently working on the RAMESES project, an international collaboration to develop quality and reporting standards, as well as training materials for realist and metanarrative reviews. Those interested in these review methods may wish to join the project’s email discussion list at www.jiscmail.ac.uk/RAMESES.
Sally Wyke is deputy director of the Institute of Health and Wellbeing at the University of Glasgow. Her first degree was in human sciences from University College London, and her PhD was in health care research from the University of Newcastle upon Tyne. A social scientist, she was awarded an honorary fellowship of the Royal College of General Practitioners in 2004. Wyke was foundation director of the Scottish School of Primary Care (2000–2004) and director of the Alliance for Self Care Research (2005–2011). She applies social scientific theory and methods to applied, interdisciplinary research to improve health and well-being.
Sue Ziebland, a medical sociologist, is a university reader in qualitative health research and research director of the Health Experiences Research Group at the University of Oxford. She works closely with a charity to disseminate qualitative health research studies via the websites www.healthtalkonline.org and www.youthhealthtalk.org. She is principal investigator of a UK National Institute for Health Research program to understand the health impact of patients’ online experiences.
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Volume 90, Issue 2 (pages 409–416)
Published in 2012
In This Issue
Moving from Intersection to Integration: Public Health Law Research and Public Health Systems and Services Research