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December 2011 (Volume 89)
Richard E. Ashcroft is professor of bioethics in the School of Law at Queen Mary, University of London. He holds a PhD in the history and philosophy of science from the University of Cambridge. He publishes mainly on biomedical research ethics, public health ethics, and the philosophy of medical science. He is co-director of the Centre for the Study of Incentives in Health, funded by the Wellcome Trust, and recently retired as deputy editor of the Journal of Medical Ethics. He is editor-in-chief of Principles of Health Care Ethics (Wiley-Blackwell 2007).
Simon Chapman is professor in public health at the University of Sydney. His current research involves examining how health issues are covered in the news media, risk communication, implications for tobacco control of web 2.0 technology, and characteristics of public health research that influence public health policy. His book Public Health Advocacy and Tobacco Control: Making Smoking History was published by Blackwell in 2007, and his co-authored book Let Sleeping Dogs Lie: What Men Should Know before Being Tested for Prostate Cancer was published by the Sydney University Press in 2010. He has won many awards for his work in tobacco control, including the World Health Organization’s World No Tobacco Day Medal (1997), the American Cancer Society’s Luther L. Terry Award for outstanding individual leadership (2003), and the New South Wales Premier’s Cancer Researcher of the Year (2008). He was deputy editor (1992–1997) then editor (1998–2008) of the British Medical Journal’s Tobacco Control. Chapman holds a PhD.
Gemma E. Derrick is currently a JAE postdoctoral fellow at the Institute of Public Goods and Policies at the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas in Madrid. Her PhD is from the Australian National University, and her background is in medical research, science policy, bibliometrics, and research evaluation. She is currently researching methods of evaluating both the scientific and societal impact of research.
John Frank trained in family medicine and community medicine in Canada, and in epidemiology at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. He has been professor at the University of Toronto since 1983. He was the founding director of research at the Institute for Work and Health in Toronto from 1991 to 1997 and a member of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research Population Health Program from 1986 to 2001. In 2000, Frank was appointed inaugural scientific director of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research Institute of Population and Public Health. In July 2008, he became director of a new Edinburgh-based unit, funded by the Medical Research Council and the Scottish Chief Scientist Office: the Scottish Collaboration for Public Health Research and Policy, which seeks to develop and robustly test novel public health policies and programs to equitably improve health status in Scotland. Frank also holds a chair in public health research and policy at the University of Edinburgh.
James A. Gillespie is deputy director of the Menzies Centre for Health Policy and director of the health policy postgraduate program in the Sydney School of Public Health at the University of Sydney. Gillespie’s academic background is in history and political science/public policy. His publications include The Price of Health: Australian Governments and Medical Politics 1910–1960 (Cambridge University Press 1991) and numerous articles on the institutional aspects of research translation, policy conundrums around chronic illness, and the politics of global health. Gillespie holds a PhD.
Trisha Greenhalgh is a family practitioner in London and director of the Healthcare Innovation and Policy Unit within the Centre for Primary Care and Public Health at Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry. She gained her first degree in social and political sciences from the University of Cambridge in 1980 and qualified in medicine from the University of Oxford in 1983. Her research interests lie at the interface between sociology and medicine. She uses innovative interdisciplinary approaches, drawing on narrative, ethnographic, and participatory methods, to explore complex, policy-related issues in contemporary health care.
Gerald N. Grob is the Henry E. Sigerist Professor of the History of Medicine Emeritus in the Institute for Health, Health Care Policy, and Aging Research at Rutgers University. He has written extensively on mental health policy and disease patterns, including The Deadly Truth: A History of Disease in America (Harvard University Press 2002), with Howard H. Goldman The Dilemma of Federal Mental Health Policy: Radical Reform or Incremental Change? (Rutgers University Press 2006), and, with Allan V. Horwitz, Diagnosis, Therapy, and Evidence: Conundrums in Modern American Medicine (Rutgers University Press 2009).
Wayne D. Hall is a Professorial Fellow and a National Health and Medical Research Council Australia Fellow in addiction neuroethics at the University of Queensland Centre for Clinical Research. He has a PhD in psychology but has worked in public health for the past twenty-three years. He has advised the World Health Organization on issues in addiction and mental health. In 2009 he was awarded an Australia Fellowship to study the public health, social policy, and ethical implications of genetic and neuroscience research on drug use and addiction.
Sally Haw is professor of public health and population health at the University of Stirling in Scotland. She studied psychology at the University of Aberdeen and then worked in substance misuse research until the mid-1990s. After working as research and development coordinator with the National Health Service (NHS) in England, she returned to Scotland in 1997 to take up post with Health Education Board for Scotland, later to become NHS Health Scotland, working at the interface between research and public health policy development. In 2008, she was seconded to the Scottish Collaboration for Public Health Research and Policy to support the development of the new unit. A major part of her recent work has been in tobacco control, leading the national evaluation of Scotland’s smoke-free legislation.
Abby S. Haynes is a researcher at the Sax Institute, and affiliated with the Sydney School of Public Health at the University of Sydney. She has a background in social work, and health services research in the UK and Australia. Her research interests focus on strengthening the relationship between health research, policy, and practice. She holds two BA (Hons) degrees, and a master’s degree in information and knowledge management.
Allan V. Horwitz is the Board of Governors Professor of Sociology and dean of social and behavioral sciences at Rutgers University. He is the author of numerous writings on mental health, including, with Jerome C. Wakefield, The Loss of Sadness: How Psychiatry Transformed Normal Misery into Depressive Disorder (Oxford University Press 2007) and, with Gerald N. Grob, Diagnosis, Therapy, and Evidence: Conundrums in Modern American Medicine (Rutgers University Press 2009).
Katherine L. Kahn is a senior natural scientist at RAND Corporation. She is also a practicing clinical internist, professor of medicine, and associate division chief for research in the Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA. Kahn’s expertise combines a longtime background in clinical practice as an internist and primary care physician with a record of developing and implementing innovative approaches to measuring and improving quality of care across multiple settings, patient populations, and clinical and surgical conditions.
Jeff Larrimore is an economist with the Joint Committee on Taxation of the U.S. Congress. He holds a PhD in economics from Cornell University. His main research interests include tax policy, the causes and consequences of income inequality, and the economic well-being of the middle class in the United States.
J. Paul Leigh is a professor of health economics with the Center for Healthcare Policy and Research and the Department of Public Health at the University of California, Davis School of Medicine. He has a PhD in economics from the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He has been investigating topics involving occupational safety and health for over thirty years. He recently won the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Director’s Award for Outstanding Research. Recent articles have addressed differences in wages, job satisfaction, and work hours across forty physician specialties.
Wayne Parsons is currently professor of public policy at Queen Mary, University of London. Much of his research has focused on economic policy, but he has published widely in the field of public policy and policy analysis and has worked with a range of public, private, and other organizations in the UK and abroad. Among his publications are The Political Economy of British Regional Policy (Routledge 1988), The Power of the Financial Press: Journalism and The Formation of Economic Opinion in Britain and the USA (Rutgers University Press 1990), and Keynes and the Quest for a Moral Science: A Study of Economics and Alchemy (Edward Elgar 2010). His book Public Policy: An Introduction to the Theory and Practice of Policy Analysis (Edward Elgar 1996) is used widely by students and practitioners of policy analysis and has been translated into many languages. He is currently working on Redesigning Public Policy: New Directions in Theory and Practice, which is due to be published in 2012. He holds a PhD.
Sally Redman is chief executive officer of the Sax Institute and an honorary professor at the University of Sydney. She is a public health researcher with a particular interest in increasing the use of research in policy and practice. She currently leads a Centre of Research Excellence examining approaches to increasing the use of research in health policy. She holds a PhD.
Jill Russell is a senior lecturer in health policy and evaluation in the Healthcare Innovation and Policy Unit within the Centre for Primary Care and Public Health at Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry. She has a first degree in social policy and administration and a master’s degree in information technology. She has a broad background in health and social policy research and evaluation in academic, local government, and voluntary sector organizations. Her current research is exploring deliberations about health care resource allocation in the British National Health Service using linguistic ethnographic approaches. She has a particular interest in qualitative evaluation methodologies.
George Silberman began his career at the U.S. Department of Justice, where he managed an extramural research program directed at improving social science research methods. He then moved to the U.S. Government Accountability Office where, as an assistant director in health policy, he directed work in a variety of areas, including methods for health technology assessment and assessments of Food and Drug Administration drug review and approval. Silberman also served as director of health policy studies at the American College of Cardiology and as director of pharmacoeconomics and outcomes research at Impath, Inc. He currently is the president of the Cancer Policy Group, LLC, a consulting firm that focuses on the relationships between clinical research and patterns of care for oncology products.
Heidi Sturk is a research officer in the School of Medicine at the University of Queensland. She holds a master’s degree in organizational psychology. She has spent the last fifteen years working on projects in the health area, ranging from professional development and training of health professionals to a five-year National Health and Medical Research Council mental health project across three states in Australia. Her research interests include health promotion, mental health, and coaching and mentoring.
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Volume 89, Issue 4 (pages 773–778)
Published in 2011
In This Issue
Economic Burden of Occupational Injury and Illness in the United States