Notes on Contributors

Efe Atabay, MA, currently works as a research assistant as part of the PROSPERED (Policy-relevant observational studies for population health equity and responsible development) team at the Institute for Health and Social Policy at McGill University. His main focus is compiling and analyzing legislation to construct and maintain longitudinal data sets on social policies for more than 100 countries around the world and aiding investigators with social policy data.

Noel T. Brewer, PhD, is professor of health behavior at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Brewer studies how people make risky health decisions. His current work focuses on increasing HPV vaccination, improving cigarette pack warnings, and finding ways to explain the harms of medical screening. Brewer is chair of the National HPV Vaccination Roundtable and associate editor of Health Psychology Review. Brewer coedited the US Food and Drug Administration’s book Communicating Risks and Benefits: An Evidence-Based User’s Guide.

Simon Capewell qualified from Newcastle University and subsequently worked in clinical medicine (general, respiratory, and cardiovascular) in Cardiff, Oxford, and Edinburgh. He discovered public health in the Scottish Office, then moved to Glasgow University before appointment as the first professor of clinical epidemiology at the University of Liverpool in 1999. Capewell manages a research program involving various aspects of clinical epidemiology, mainly cardiovascular disease (CVD). He has published extensively on trends in CVD and stroke incidence, prevalence, and survival.

Rebecca Cassidy, PhD, MA, is professor of anthropology at Goldsmiths, University of London. She holds an MA in social anthropology from Cambridge University and a PhD in social anthropology from the University of Edinburgh. Her research focuses on using ethnographic methods to investigate horse racing and the expansion of commercial gambling. She is also interested in the ways in which evidence about gambling is produced and used.

Steven Cummins, PhD, is professor of population health at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM). He is a geographer with training in epidemiology and public health and is also director of the Healthy Environments Research Programme at LSHTM.

Michelle C. Dimitris is a PhD candidate in the Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health at McGill University with research interests in epidemiological methods, perinatal health, and global health. She completed an MSc in epidemiology at Queen’s University and worked as an analyst prior to beginning her doctoral training.

Laurén A. Doamekpor, PhD, MPH, is the deputy director of scientific research at the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities–funded Health Policy Research Consortium, where she leads activities related to the conceptualization, development, and management of research initiatives designed to assess, understand, and improve health disparities in the mid-Atlantic region. Doamekpor was a senior fellow at the National Center for Health Research when she worked on this article. Doamekpor received her MPH in maternal and child health from the George Washington University and her PhD in maternal and child health from the University of Maryland. She has more than 10 years of experience in public health with an extensive background in quantitative research methodology, epidemiology, and health disparities research.

Alison Earle, PhD, is a senior research analyst at the WORLD Policy Analysis Center at the University of California, Los Angeles. Earle’s research explores how labor and social policies affect the health and economic security of working families, with a focus on access to and impact of paid family leave policies. Earle coauthored some of the earliest research on paid sick leave in the United States and, with S. Jody Heymann, MD, PhD, is coauthor of Raising the Global Floor: Dismantling the Myth that We Can’t Afford Good Working Conditions for Everyone (Stanford University Press, 2009).

Elizabeth Eastmure is an honorary research fellow at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine with experience in health policy research. Her background is in health policy analysis and program management. Her previous work includes policy and research projects with the Nuffield Trust, NHS organizations, and the former Healthcare Commission.

Patrick Fafard, PhD, is associate professor in the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs at the University of Ottawa and associate director of the Global Strategy Lab at York University and the University of Ottawa. He holds a PhD in political studies from Queen’s University in Kingston, Ontario. He has served in senior management positions with both federal and provincial governments in Canada. He has published extensively in several policy fields, including health, trade and the environment, intergovernmental relations, and Canadian federalism. His current research focuses on public health policy, including the role of scientific evidence, harm reduction, global governance of antimicrobial resistance, and the politics of public health.

Stephanie R. Fox-Rawlings, PhD, is a senior fellow at the National Center for Health Research, advocating for the use of science for making decisions that affect personal or public health. Prior to moving into health policy, she spent more than 10 years conducting biomedical research. Fox-Rawlings holds a PhD in neurosciences from Case Western Reserve University.

Alex Gillespie, BA, MSc, PhD, is an associate professor in the Department of Psychological and Behavioural Science at the London School of Economics and an editor of Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour. His theoretical interest is communication problems, especially divergences of perspective, misunderstandings, distrust, and dismissal of potentially valid points of view. His current research examines formal complaints and compliments in health care.

Shelley D. Golden, PhD, MPH, is an assistant professor of health behavior in the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Gillings School of Global Public Health and a member of the UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center. With a master’s degree in public health and a PhD in public policy, Golden conducts research assessing the roles of economic policies, political climates, and the retail environment in determining cancer and tobacco-use behaviors and disparities at the state and local level.

Carol E. Golin, MD, is a professor of medicine and health behavior at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in the School of Medicine and the Gillings School of Global Public Health. She is also director of the UNC Center for AIDS Research Social and Behavioral Sciences Research Core and a senior fellow at the Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research. She received her training in health services research and behavioral medicine research as a Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholar and Primary Care Fellow at the University of California, Los Angeles, from 1993 to 1997.

Laura B. Gottschalk, PhD, is currently a commissioner’s fellow at the US Food and Drug Administration. She spent nearly a decade conducting biomedical research before becoming involved in health policy through 2 postgraduate fellowships. The first was a senior fellowship with the National Center for Health Research where she advocated for safe and effective drugs and medical devices. The second fellowship introduced her to policymaking at the federal level through her role assisting the Presidential Advisory Council for Combatting Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria. Gottschalk holds a PhD in cellular and molecular medicine from Johns Hopkins School of Medicine.

Sam Harper is an associate professor in the Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health at McGill University. His research focuses on understanding population health and its social distribution, with specific interests in impact evaluation, measuring health inequalities, global health, demography, injury epidemiology, causal inference, and ethical issues in public health.

Benjamin Hawkins, MSc, PhD, is assistant professor in the Department of Global Health and Development at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. He holds an MSc and a PhD in international politics from the University of Edinburgh. His current research focuses on the role of research evidence and corporate actors in health policymaking, particularly on alcohol and tobacco regulation. In addition, he works on European integration, multilevel governance, international trade, and political economy approaches to health policy.

S. Jody Heymann, MD, PhD, is dean and distinguished professor of health policy and management at the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health and distinguished professor of public policy and of medicine at UCLA. Author and editor of 17 books and more than 300 publications, Heymann leads research to examine the impact of public policy on health, education, and income across high-, middle-, and low-income countries. Heymann directs the WORLD Policy Analysis Center, an unprecedented effort to improve the comparative policy data available to policymakers, researchers, and the public by examining more than 1,500 aspects of health and social policies in all 193 UN countries. Heymann was elected to the US National Academy of Medicine and the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences.

Deepa Jahagirdar is a PhD candidate in the Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health at McGill University where she completed a doctoral fellowship with the Maternal and Child Health Equity (MACHEquity) research program in the Institute for Health and Social Policy. Jahagirdar previously completed an MSc in health, community, and development at the London School of Economics.

Jørgen Dejgård Jensen, MSc, is professor at the University of Copenhagen, Department of Food and Resource Economics. An economist by training, Jensen has focused his research on the economics of food production, food distribution, food consumption, and health. He is the author or coauthor of more than 60 peer-reviewed research publications, including several publications on the role of price incentives in food consumption behavior and economic drivers of food industry marketing behavior.

Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, MBChB, PhD, is an NRS Senior Clinical Research Fellow and an honorary consultant in public health at NHS Health Scotland. He is funded by a NHS Research Scotland Senior Clinical Fellowship (SCAF/15/02), the Medical Research Council (MC UU 12017/13 & MC UU 12017/15) and Scottish Government Chief Scientist Office (SPHSU13 & SPHSU15). His chief research interests are in improving the development and application of evidence to inform healthy public policy and in reducing health inequalities. Katikireddi studied at the University of Edinburgh, completing degrees in genetics and medicine. Following graduation, he worked in hospital medicine during which time he gained Membership of the Royal Colleges of Physicians (MRCP). He carried out his public health specialization in Edinburgh, including attachments at the World Health Organization and the Scottish Government.

Jay S. Kaufman holds a PhD in epidemiologic science from the University of Michigan (1995). He was previously a professor at the UNC School of Public Health in Chapel Hill (1999-2008) and is currently professor in the Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health at McGill University (2009-present). His work focuses on social epidemiology, analytic methodology, and causal inference for various health outcomes. He is an editor at Epidemiology and an associate editor at the American Journal of Epidemiology. With J. Michael Oakes, he is the coeditor of the textbook Methods in Social Epidemiology (Wiley, second edition, 2017).

Cécile Knai, PhD, MPH, is associate professor of public health policy at the Faculty of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. She holds an MPH in public health nutrition from the University of California at Berkeley and a PhD in public health policy from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. She conducts research on food and nutrition policy, food systems, and public health policy governance. She established the International Research Alliance on Public Health Governance in 2016 and she coleads the public health component of the Policy Innovation Research Unit.

Jeremy A. Labrecque is currently a postdoctoral research fellow in the Department of Epidemiology at Erasmus MC in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. His work focuses on using causal inference to better understand genetic epidemiology with an emphasis on Mendelian randomization. He is also interested in using causal inference within the field of social epidemiology.

Macary W. Marciniak, PharmD, BCACP, BCPS, FAPhA, is a clinical associate professor in the UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She serves as the assistant dean of experiential programs and director of the Postgraduate Year 1 Community-based Pharmacy Residency Program. She is an immunizing pharmacist and a national faculty trainer for the American Pharmacists Association Pharmacy-Based Immunization Delivery Certificate Training Program. She has expertise in advocating for pharmacist-provided vaccinations and implementing immunization services in community-based pharmacy settings.

Nicholas Mays is professor of health policy in the Department of Health Services Research and Policy at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. He is also director of the Policy Innovation Research Unit, funded by the England Department of Health and Social Care to undertake evaluations of policy pilots and demonstration schemes in health services, social care, and wider public health.

Modi Mwatsama, DrPH, is director of policy and global health at the UK Health Forum (UKHF). She is responsible for the UKHF’s policy portfolio on noncommunicable disease prevention and global health. Her professional areas of expertise include food, alcohol, obesity, sustainable development, global health, and public health advocacy and implementation at local, national, and international levels. She previously worked for the Global Research Network on Urban Health Equity at University College London and Heart of Mersey—England’s largest cardiovascular disease prevention program. Mwatsama is a registered nutritionist (public health) and sits on the Council of the Association for Nutrition and the Health Improvement Committee of the Faculty of Public Health. Recent national advisory committees she has served on include Public Health England groups on dietary guidelines, sugar, and global health. She holds a doctorate in public health and is an honorary assistant professor with the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

Arijit Nandi, PhD, holds a Canada Research Chair and is an associate professor at McGill University. As principal investigator of the PROSPERED project, Nandi investigates the impact of public policies on population health and health disparities in a global context. He is broadly interested in evaluating the impact of population-level interventions on health, using experimental and quasi-experimental methods, as well as their mechanisms. A former Robert Wood Johnson Health and Society Scholar at Harvard University, Nandi received a PhD from the Department of Epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Jim Orford received an MA in psychology at Cambridge University and a DipClinPsych and a PhD from London universities. He is now emeritus professor of clinical and community psychology at the University of Birmingham, England. He is a long-standing, internationally recognized researcher and writer in the addiction field and in psychology more generally. Among his published works are books on addiction, notably Excessive Appetites: A Psychological View of Addictions (Wiley, second edition, 2001) and Power, Powerlessness and Addiction (Cambridge University Press, 2013), and others on community psychology, including Community Psychology: Challenges, Controversies and Emerging Consensus (Wiley, 2008). He is well-known for his critical views on industry involvement in gambling policy. In 2012 he set up Gambling Watch UK to campaign for a public health approach to gambling.

Mark Petticrew, BA, PhD, is professor of public health evaluation at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM). He is director of the Public Health Research Consortium and joint director of the NIHR School for Public Health Research at LSHTM. His current work includes research on corporate influences on health and health policy, evaluations of public health interventions and public health policies, and developing approaches to evaluating complex interventions and changes in complex systems.

Tom W. Reader, MA, PhD, is an associate professor in the Department of Psychological and Behavioural Science at the London School of Economics. He explores the influence of organizational culture on safety outcomes in high-risk industries (eg, aviation, energy, health care). His current research investigates whether the analyses of health care complaints can reveal and explain unsafe hospital care. Reader’s work has been published in outlets such as BMJ: Quality and Safety, Ergonomics, Human Relations, Human Factors, Journal of Business Ethics, Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, and Risk Analysis.

Parth D. Shah, PharmD, PhD, is a postdoctoral fellow at the Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.With a PharmD and a PhD in health behavior, Shah is a health services researcher whose current work focuses on the implementation and delivery of cancer prevention and control services through the use of pharmacies and pharmacists.

Erin C. Strumpf, PhD, is an associate professor in the Department of Economics and the Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health at McGill University. She is a William Dawson Scholar, holds a Chercheur boursier career award from the Fonds de recherche du Québec—Santé, and is a fellow at CIREQ (Centre interuniversitaire de recherche enéconomie quantitative) and CIRANO (Center for Interuniversity Research and Analysis of Organizations). Strumpf’s research in health economics focuses on evaluating the impacts of health and social policies on the health of individuals and populations, on inequalities across groups, and on the performance of the health care system.

Justin G. Trogdon, PhD, is an associate professor in the Department of Health Policy and Management at the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health. As a health economist, Trogdon focuses his current research on answering policy-relevant questions in 3 areas: assessing the economic burden of cancer, evaluating the cost and cost effectiveness of policies and interventions, and developing methods to identify causal effects of policies and interventions and simulate new policies.

Ilona Vincent, MA, is an academic associate at the Institute for Health and Social Policy at McGill University currently involved with the PROSPERED project. She is responsible for the development and management of longitudinal databases on the state of social policies around the world as well as for providing research support to a multinational team of researchers and partners on the project. Vincent received her BA in international development from the University of Guelph and her MA in economics from Queen’s University. Her research interests include the impact of social policy on population health and education outcomes.

Heide Weishaar, PhD, is a postdoctoral researcher at the Hertie School of Governance. She is a public health researcher with expertise in national and international public health policy, health literacy, political network analysis, tobacco control, and migrant and refugee health. Weishaar has held research posts at the Universities of Edinburgh and Glasgow, United Kingdom, and is an honorary research fellow of the University of Glasgow. She holds degrees from the Universities of Edinburgh and Bielefeld and several awards, including the 2011 European Cancer Leagues’ Young Professional Award.

Diana M. Zuckerman, PhD, is president of the National Center for Health Research, a nonprofit think tank in Washington, DC. After serving as a faculty member at Vassar College and Yale University, completing a postdoc in public health at Yale, and directing a research project at Harvard University, she became a Congressional Science Fellow with the goal of bringing scientific expertise to policymakers in Congress. She worked in the US House of Representatives, the US Senate, the Clinton White House, and the US Department of Health and Human Services prior to founding the Center in 1999. Under her leadership, the Center focuses on improving the quality and affordability of health care and bridging the gaps between scientific evidence, the practice of medicine, and health policies.