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We publish The Milbank Quarterly, as well as reports, issues briefs, and case studies on topics important to population health.
June 2018 (Volume 96)
Benjamin Chin-Yee, MD, MA, is a resident physician in internal medicine at the University of Toronto. He completed his medical and graduate degrees at the University of Toronto. His scholarship spans a range of disciplines, from clinical research to the history and philosophy of medicine. He is particularly interested in clinical epistemology and how health services can better integrate evidence-based practice and individualized, person-centered care. He has authored a number of articles and book chapters, which have been recognized with local and international awards, including the 2016 Essay Prize from the European Society for Person Centered Healthcare. He has served as guest editor for the Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice and Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences.
Adenantera Dwicaksono, MA, is a PhD candidate in the Department of Public Administration and Policy at Rockefeller College of Public Affairs and Policy, University at Albany–State University of New York. He received his MA in development studies from the University of Melbourne, Australia. He is also a lecturer in the City and Regional Planning Program at the Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia. His doctoral research examines how institutional and organizational changes following decentralization reform affect health systems and outcomes in Indonesia. His research focuses on fiscal decentralization and health policy in developing countries.
Jocelyn E. Finlay, PhD, is a senior research scientist in the Department of Global Health and Population at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. She has a PhD in economics and has worked in public health for more than 10 years. Finlay was a member of the PopPov Network and worked on projects during that time funded by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. Her current research interests extend from the work published here and include issues of the demography and economics of fertility particularly in sub-Saharan Africa.
Ashley M. Fox, PhD, MA, is an assistant professor in the Department of Public Administration and Policy at Rockefeller College of Public Affairs and Policy, University at Albany–State University of New York. She received her PhD in sociomedical sciences from Columbia University in 2009 and held postdoctoral fellowships at Harvard University and Yale University. Her research focuses on health politics and policy in the United States and internationally.
Sandro Galea, MD, DrPH, a physician and an epidemiologist, is dean and Robert A. Knox Professor at Boston University School of Public Health. He previously held academic and leadership positions at Columbia University, the University of Michigan, and the New York Academy of Medicine. Galea’s scholarship has been at the intersection of social and psychiatric epidemiology with a focus on the behavioral health consequences of trauma. He has published more than 700 scientific journal articles, 50 chapters, and 13 books, and his research has been featured extensively in current periodicals and newspapers. His latest book, Healthier: Fifty Thoughts on the Foundations of Population Health was published by Oxford University Press in 2017. Galea holds a medical degree from the University of Toronto and graduate degrees from Harvard University and Columbia University. He also holds an honorary doctorate from the University of Glasgow.
Lawrence O. Gostin, JD, is University Professor in Global Health Law at Georgetown University, faculty director of the O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, and director of the World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Center on Public Health Law and Human Rights. He has chaired numerous National Academy of Sciences committees, proposed a Framework Convention on Global Health endorsed by the United Nations Secretary General, served on the WHO Director’s Ad Hoc Advisory Committee on Reforming the WHO, drafted a Model Public Health Law for the WHO and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and directed the National Council of Civil Liberties and the National Association for Mental Health in the United Kingdom, where he wrote the Mental Health Act and brought landmark cases before the European Court of Human Rights. In the United Kingdom, he was awarded the Rosemary Delbridge Prize for the person “who has most influenced Parliament and government to act for the welfare of society.”
Samantha Iovan, MPH, is the project manager for the Policies for Action Research Hub at the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy at the University of Michigan. Her current research focuses on the use of pay for success financing to advance public health, and her research interests include health policy and addressing social disparities in health. She received a BA in philosophy from the University of Michigan and an MPH from Wayne State University.
Leighton Ku, PhD, MPH, is a professor in the Department of Health Policy and Management at the Milken Institute School of Public Health, George Washington University. He focuses on strategies to improve access to care for vulnerable populations and has conducted research and analyses related to Medicaid, health reform, the health care safety net, and preventive services.
Paula M. Lantz, PhD, is professor and associate dean for academic affairs at the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy at the University of Michigan. Her teaching and research focus on policy responses to social inequalities in health over the life course and primary and secondary prevention strategies. She is a member of the National Academy of Medicine and an active member of the Institute of Medicine’s Population Health Improvement Roundtable.
Andreas Laupacis, MD, MSc, is a palliative care physician and health services researcher. He is the executive director of the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, and a professor in the Faculty of Medicine and Dalla Lana School of Public Health at the University of Toronto.
Marlene A. Lee, PhD, MPA, is a senior program director in international programs at the Population Reference Bureau. She served as director of the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation–supported Population and Poverty Secretariat from 2014 to 2018. Lee holds a doctorate in development sociology with concentrations in community development and family demography and a master’s in public administration with a concentration in public policy analysis. Her current areas of interest include tertiary education in Africa, women’s economic empowerment, and the demographic dividend.
Paul A. Lombardo, PhD, JD, is a Regents’ Professor and the Bobby Lee Cook Professor of Law at Georgia State University College of Law. From 2011 to 2016 he was a senior advisor to the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues, where he assisted on the PHS/Guatemala STD study. Lombardo is a lawyer and historian who has published extensively on topics in health law, bioethics, and medico-legal history, particularly the history of eugenics. He is the author of Three Generations, No Imbeciles: Eugenics, the Supreme Court and Buck v. Bell (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008). He received both his PhD and JD from the University of Virginia and served on the faculties of the Schools of Law and Medicine there from 1990 until 2006.
John E. McDonough, DrPH, MPA, is a professor of practice at the Harvard University T.H. Chan School of Public Health in the Department of Health Policy and Management. Between 2008 and 2010, he served as a senior advisor on national health reform to the US Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, where he worked on the writing and passage of the Affordable Care Act. Between 2003 and 2008, he was executive director of Health Care For All, a Massachusetts consumer health advocacy organization, where he played a leading role in the passage of the 2006 Massachusetts health reform law. From 1985 to 1997, he was a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives where he cochaired the Joint Committee on Health Care. His articles have appeared in the New England Journal of Medicine, Health Affairs, and other journals. He has written several books including Inside National Health Reform in 2011 and Experiencing Politics: A Legislator’s Stories of Government and Health Care in 2000, both by the University of California Press/Milbank Memorial Fund. He holds a doctorate in public health from the University of Michigan and a master’s in public administration from the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.
George Miller, PhD, MSE, is an Altarum fellow affiliated with Altarum’s Center for Value in Health Care, where he participates in the center’s efforts to track national health spending. He has supported Altarum in analyses of issues that have addressed the value of prevention and the social determinants of health, low-value care, disease management, medical responses to demand surges, cost-effectiveness of clinical interventions, telemedicine, graduate medical education, medical logistics, medical staffing, medical facilities planning, collections forecasting, and training of health services analysts. Miller earned his BSE, MSE, and PhD in industrial and operations engineering from the University of Michigan. He is a fellow of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences.
Fahad Razak, MD, MSc, is a clinician-scientist at the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute at St. Michael’s Hospital and assistant professor in the Department of Medicine and Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation at the University of Toronto. His research training took place at Harvard University as a David E. Bell Fellow and through an MSc at McMaster University. His research interests include methodological approaches to studying variation, general internal medicine and hospital care, and global health. He is colead of the General Medicine Inpatient Initiative, a big-data network using clinical data from hospitalized patients to improve patient care.
Corwin N. Rhyan, MPP, is a senior analyst for Altarum’s Center for Value in Health Care, where he studies trends in the US health economy and works on projects to improve the quality of health, increase the value of health care services, and bring national health spending growth to a long-term sustainable pace. Since joining Altarum in 2015, Rhyan has worked on projects related to childhood lead prevention and remediation policies, the current opioid epidemic, pay for success initiatives, and maternal prenatal interventions. Rhyan has an MPP from the University of Michigan Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy and a BA in economics, magna cum laude, from Washington University in St. Louis.
Sara Rosenbaum, JD, is the Harold and Jane Hirsh Professor of Health Law and Policy and founding chair of the Department of Health Policy, Milken Institute School of Public Health, George Washington University. Rosenbaum has devoted her career to health justice for populations who are medically underserved as a result of race, poverty, disability, or cultural exclusion and is known for her scholarship and advocacy on health care for the poor, civil rights, and national health reform. Rosenbaum has served on the CDC’s Director’s Advisory Committee and Advisory Committee on Immunization Practice (ACIP) and was a founding commissioner of the Congressional Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission (MACPAC) and served as its chair from January 2016 through April 2017.
David Rosner, PhD, MPH, is the Ronald H. Lauterstein Professor of Sociomedical Sciences and professor of history at Columbia University and codirector of the Center for the History of Public Health at Columbia’s Mailman School of Public Health. He is also an elected member of the Institute of Medicine. In addition to receiving numerous grants, he has been a Guggenheim Fellow, a recipient of a Robert Wood Johnson Investigator Award, a National Endowment for the Humanities Fellow, and a Josiah Macy Fellow. He and Gerald Markowitz are coauthors of 10 books, including Deceit and Denial: The Deadly Politics of Industrial Pollution (University of California Press/Milbank Memorial Fund, 2002; 2013) and Lead Wars: The Politics of Science and the Fate of America’s Children (University of California Press/Milbank Memorial Fund, 2013). He also testifies for plaintiffs in lawsuits on industrial pollution and occupational disease.
Joshua M. Sharfstein, MD, is associate dean for public health practice and training at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. He served as secretary of the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene from 2011 to 2014, as principal deputy commissioner of the US Food and Drug Administration from 2009 to 2011, and as the commissioner of health in Baltimore, Maryland, from December 2005 to March 2009. From July 2001 to December 2005, Sharfstein served on the minority staff of the Committee on Government Reform of the US House of Representatives, working for Congressman Henry A. Waxman. He serves on the Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice of the Institute of Medicine and the editorial board of JAMA. He is a 1991 graduate of Harvard College, a 1996 graduate of Harvard Medical School, a 1999 graduate of the combined residency program in pediatrics at Boston Medical Center and Boston Children’s Hospital, and a 2001 graduate of the fellowship program in general pediatrics at the Boston University School of Medicine.
Kayte Spector-Bagdady, JD, is an assistant professor in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Michigan Medical School and chief of the Research Ethics Service in the Center for Bioethics and Social Sciences in Medicine (CBSSM). She received her JD and Master of Bioethics degrees from the University of Pennsylvania Law School and School of Medicine after graduating from Middlebury College. She was also a research fellow at CBSSM. She is a former drug and device attorney and associate director of the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues where she acted as a lead staff investigator for the report “Ethically Impossible”: STD Research in Guatemala from 1946 to 1948.
S.V. Subramanian, PhD, MPhil, is a professor of population health and geography at Harvard University. He was the founding director of graduate studies for the interdisciplinary PhD program in population health sciences at Harvard. He has published over 500 articles, book chapters, and books on social and contextual determinants of health and nutritional inequalities in India and developing countries, as well as applied multilevel statistical models. He was named among Thomson Reuters Highly Cited Researchers in 2015 and 2016. Subramanian is the co-editor-in-chief for the international journal Social Science & Medicine (SSM), in addition to being a co-senior editor for the social epidemiology office of SSM. He is also the founding co-editor-in-chief of the new journal SSM—Population Health.
Amol A. Verma, MD, MPhil, is a general internal medicine physician and research fellow in the Li Ka Shing Centre for Healthcare Analytics Research and Training at St. Michael’s Hospital and a Phillipson Scholar in the Clinician-Scientist Training Program in the Department of Medicine at the University of Toronto. He completed a master’s degree in economic and social history at the University of Oxford as a Rhodes Scholar and is a health services researcher focusing on studying hospital care for complex, aging, and frail patients using data from electronic health records.
Does Decentralization Improve Health System Performance and Outcomes in Low- and Middle-Income Countries? A Systematic Review of Evidence From Quantitative Studies
Emerging Trends in Clinical Research With Implications for Population Health and Health Policy