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Christine E. Bishop is a research professor at the Institute for Health Policy, Heller Graduate School, Brandeis University, in Waltham, Massachusetts. She has conducted studies on the economics of long-term and postacute care of the elderly and persons with disabilities, focusing on nursing-home and home health costs and financing. Her current research is on the economic effects of health sector reconfiguration, especially the topics of employment and choice among health technologies.
Pamela Doty is a senior policy analyst for the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, in Washington, D.C. She is responsible for four research projects on consumer-directed, long-term-care services. She is also interested in informal caregiving, private long-term-care insurance, and comparative, international models of health financing and service delivery.
John R. Gist is senior coordinator of economics at the Public Policy Institute, American Association of Retired Persons, in Washington, D.C. His research interests are in the areas of tax policy, the federal budget, and entitlement spending; the economics of aging; and income distribution. He is currently examining incidence effects of tax reform and the impact of wage inequality on different age cohorts.
Marshall B. Kapp is professor of community health and psychiatry and director of the Office of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology at Wright State University School of Medicine in Ohio He is also an adjunct professor at the University of Dayton School of Law. Mr. Kapp focuses on the legal and ethical aspects of health care, particularly as they pertain to older persons. He is currently writing about the negative relation between defensive medicine and ethical medical practice.
Judith Kasper is associate professor, Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, in Baltimore. Ms. Kasper’s research and teaching interests include health policy and long-term care; assessing needs for care and service provision to physically and mentally disabled people; access to health care for vulnerable populations; and the development and application of data sources for health policy analysis and health services research. She is co-principal investigator of the Women’s Health and Aging Study, which recently published baseline data in a monograph sponsored by the National Institute on Aging.
Karen Lamb is assistant professor and practitioner-teacher at Rush University College of Nursing in Chicago. She is interested in the practice of restraint in acute care settings and has studied its use in hospitals. She has also studied how nurses’ knowledge of and attitudes about physical restraint affect their practice.
Simi Litvak is director of the Rehabilitation and Training Center on Personal Assistance Services at the World Institute on Disability, in Oakland, California. Ms. Litvak is an expert in the areas of independent living and personal assistance. She has worked for 30 years in the disability field, and most recently served on President Clinton’s Health Care Reform Task Force.
Ann Minnick is a professor and Independent Chair at Rush University, and director of nursing services research and support at Rush- Presbyterian-St. Luke’s Medical Center in Chicago. She is conducting studies of physical restraint use in U.S. hospitals and is also interested in exploring the impact of labor and administrative practice and policies on patient-focused outcomes in a variety of health care settings.
Lorraine C. Mion is senior nurse researcher, Division of Patient Care Operations, at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation in Ohio. She is currently conducting studies on the use of physical restraint and disruption of therapy in critical care units. Her primary research interest lies in processes of care and outcomes in hospitalized elderly.
Robert Palmer is head of the Section of Geriatric Medicine at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation in Ohio. Dr. Palmer specializes in the assessment and medical care of frail, elderly patients. His research focuses on improving their functional outcomes after hospitalization.
Stanley S. Wallack is a research professor and executive director of the Institute for Health Policy, Heller Graduate School, Brandeis University, in Waltham, Massachusetts. He has been involved in researching, developing, and demonstrating innovative financing for Medicare populations, most recently for patient panels of physician groups and for persons with end stage renal disease. He is currently examining the operating strategies of provider systems and managed care organizations.
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Volume 74, Issue 3 (pages 435–437) Published in 1996
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The Milbank Quarterly is an editorially independent multidisciplinary journal that offers in-depth assessments of the social, economic, political, historical, legal, and ethical dimensions of health and health care policy.