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March 2008 (Volume 86)
Armita Adily is a PhD candidate at the School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia. Her PhD topic is on evidence-based policy and practice in population health. Adily holds a bachelor of medical science and a master’s of public health from the University of Sydney. She has over a decade of experience in health services research.
Peter J. Cunningham is a senior fellow at the Center for Studying Health System Change (HSC) in Washington, DC. He has been extensively involved in the design, planning, management, and analysis of the Community Tracking Study (CTS), a large nationally representative and longitudinal study of the U.S. health care system funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. His main areas of interest include trends in public and private health care coverage, access to medical care for the uninsured, the effects of high medical bills and costs on access, physician charity care, and the viability of the health care safety net. Prior to joining HSC in 1995, Cunningham was a researcher at the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research. He holds a PhD.
Pierre Durieux is an associate professor in the Department of Public Health and Medical Informatics at Paris Descartes University School of Medicine (Paris, France) and Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou (Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France). He is also affiliated with the French national institute of health, INSERM (U 872 Eq20). Trained in chest diseases, public health, and clinical epidemiology, Durieux is responsible for the clinical epidemiology program at the school of medicine. His research activities are mainly in the field of implementation research (how to change physician’ behavior), including several projects on implementation of computer decision support systems, both at the hospital and for ambulatory care. Durieux holds an MD and an MPH.
Martin P. Eccles is a professor of clinical effectiveness and the William Leach Professor of Primary Care Research at the Institute of Health and Society, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, where he runs the Effective Practice & Organisation of Care research program. He currently sits on the UK Medical Research Council Health Services and Public Health Research Board and has previously served as a member of research commissioning panels for the UK National Health Service Health Technology Assessment Research and Development Programme and the UK National Health Service Service Delivery and Organisation of Care Research Programme. Eccles holds an MD, an FMedSci, an FRCP, an FRCGP, and an FFPHM.
Robbie Foy is a clinical senior lecturer in primary care at Newcastle University and family physician in northeastern England. His research focuses on understanding and closing the gap between best evidence and routine practice. He spent 2006–2007 in Los Angeles, investigating quality improvement methods as a Harkness/Health Foundation Fellow in Health Care Policy affiliated with the VA, UCLA, and the RAND Center for the Study of Healthcare Provider Behavior. Foy holds an MBChB, a PhD, an MSc, an MRCGP, and an MFPHM.
Vicki A. Freedman is a professor in the Department of Health Systems and Policy at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, School of Public Health. Her research focuses on the implications of population aging for disability and long-term care, with an emphasis on the causes and consequences of trends in late-life health and functioning.
Ian D. Graham is vice-president of knowledge translation at the Canadian Institutes of Health Research. Graham is on leave from his post as associate professor in the School of Nursing at the University of Ottawa. He holds cross-appointments in the Departments of Medicine and Epidemiology and Community Medicine and is an adjunct professor in the School of Nursing at Queen’s University. Graham obtained a PhD in medical sociology from McGill University, a master of arts degree in sociology from the University of Victoria, and a bachelor of arts degree in sociology from McGill University. His postdoctoral training was at the Ottawa Health Research Institute in the area of decision support tools for patients and providers.
Jeremy Grimshaw received an MBChB (MD equivalent) from the University of Edinburgh, UK. He trained as a family physician prior to undertaking a PhD in health services research at the University of Aberdeen. He moved to Canada in 2002. His research focuses on the evaluation of interventions to disseminate and implement evidence-based practice. Grimshaw is the director of the Clinical Epidemiology Program at the Ottawa Health Research Institute, director of the Centre for Best Practices at the Institute of Population Health, University of Ottawa, director of the Canadian Cochrane Network and Centre, Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in Health Knowledge Transfer and Uptake, and a full professor in the Department of Medicine at the University of Ottawa with a cross-appointment with the Faculty of Medicine’s Department of Epidemiology & Community Medicine.
Jack Hadley is a professor and senior health services researcher in the Department of Health Administration and Policy at George Mason University, and a visiting senior fellow at the Center for Studying Health System Change. He is an economist whose past research has investigated the financing and costs of care used by the uninsured, the determinants of health insurance coverage, the consequences of being uninsured, access to care, physician and hospital payment, and the outcomes of medical treatment. Hadley holds a PhD.
Pamela Herd is an assistant professor of public affairs and sociology and a research associate at the Institute for Research on Poverty at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Her work centers on the links between socioeconomic status and health outcomes across the life course and has appeared in publications such as Social Forces, Journal of Health and Social Behavior, Journals of Gerontology, The Gerontologist, Research on Aging, and Gender and Society.
James S. House is research professor and former director of the Survey Research Center in the Institute for Social Research, and Angus Campbell Professor of Sociology and Survey Research as well as the former chair of the Department of Sociology, at the University of Michigan. Throughout his career his research has focused on the role of social and psychological factors in the etiology and course of health and illness, initially on occupational stress and health, later on social relationships and support in relation to health, and currently on the role of psychosocial factors in understanding and explaining social inequalities in health and the way health changes with age. He is an elected member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the National Academy of Sciences, and the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies of Science. He recently co-edited (with Schoeni, Kaplan, and Pollack) Making Americans Healthier: Social and Economic Policy as Health Policy (New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2008).
France Légaré has been a health practitioner in Quebec since 1990 and is an associate professor with the Department of Family Medicine at Laval University. Légaré has a master’s in community health and a PhD in population health from the University of Ottawa, under the supervision of Professor Annette O’Connor. Légaré’s thesis implemented the Ottawa Decision Support Framework to primary care medical practices, a framework that facilitates shared decision making (SDM) between practitioner and patient. In 2005, she received a new clinical scientist award from the Fonds de la recherche en santé du Québec (FRSQ) for her research program Primary care providers: from knowledge brokers to decision brokers. Légaré’s chair, awarded in 2006 (CRC-2), is entirely dedicated to the implementation of SDM in routine clinical practices in primary care.
Linda G. Martin is a senior fellow at the RAND Corporation and an adjunct professor in the Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Previously she was a scholar-in-residence at the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, president of the Population Council, and a vice president of RAND. Martin received an undergraduate degree in mathematics from Harvard University and a master’s in public affairs and a PhD in economics from Princeton University. Her current research focuses on trends in adult health in the United States and around the world.
Camilla Palmhøj Nielsen has a master’s degree in political science and is currently a PhD candidate in the Department of Political Science at the University of Copenhagen. Her thesis focuses on the utilization of health technology assessment in policymaking in the Danish Health Services. She also works at the Danish Centre for Health Technology Assessment (DACEHTA) as a special advisor.
Cassandra Porter is in her fourth year of a bachelor’s degree program in political science and liberal arts at Concordia University. She is currently completing an honors thesis on the interactions between states and nongovernmental organizations in transitional justice settings. She has participated in international development and research projects in Indonesia and Uganda, and looks forward to a career in international law.
Nicole Robinson currently works as a research coordinator at the Clinical Epidemiology Program at the Ottawa Health Research Institute. Her work focuses on using qualitative research methodologies to examine the implementation issues associated with patient safety interventions. She holds a combined honors BA in anthropology and biology from Carleton University.
Robert F. Schoeni is a research professor at the Institute for Social Research, and professor of public policy and economics at the University of Michigan. Schoeni also serves as associate director of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, co-director of the NIA-sponsored Michigan Center for the Demography of Aging, and director of a network of researchers evaluating trends in old-age disability (http://trends.psc.isr.umich.edu/).
Beverley Shea is an epidemiologist working with an international nongovernmental organization, Community Information and Epidemiological Technologies (CIET) based at the Institute of Population Health, University of Ottawa. One of the main objectives of her work is evidence-based health care and knowledge translation with a goal of improving the health of aboriginal populations. Shea is co-editor of Evidence-Based Rheumatology (Blackwell, 2003) and author of “Consumer-Driven Health Care: Building Partnerships in Research” published in Health Expectations. This book has been identified as unique in the field and will continue to guide researchers and clinicians in future partnerships and decision making about health and health care. Shea recently developed an original measurement tool for assessing the quality of systematic reviews known as AMSTAR (http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid1810543).
Jacqueline Tetroe is currently a senior policy analyst in the Knowledge Translation Portfolio at the Canadian Institutes of Health Research. At the time the research was conducted and analyzed, she was the research program manager for Ian Graham and Jeremy Grimshaw for the Clinical Epidemiology Program of the Ottawa Health Research Institute. Her educational background is in cognitive and educational psychology. She holds an MA.
Jeanette Ward has contributed substantially to the advancement of evidence-based decision making in clinical and public health arenas in Australia, having worked in executive health positions, academia, and the nongovernment sector. Her current work aims to raise skills of decision makers to commission and use evidence, focusing on incentives to promote the rigor, relevance, and recognition of decision-oriented public health research and health services evaluation. As an adjunct professor in epidemiology and community medicine at the University of Ottawa, Ward collaborates in multidisciplinary implementation trials with a particular focus on outcomes and performance. She holds an MBBS, an MHPEd, a PhD, and an FAFPHM.
Michel Wensing is associate professor at the Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Centre for Quality of Care Research, the Netherlands (http://www.ru.nl/ptrs/chps/about-us/members/vm/dijkstra-michel/). After earning an MSc in sociology and a PhD in health services research, he focused his research on quality improvement in health care, particularly primary care. He has published about one hundred scientific papers, supervised about ten PhD theses, and (co-)edited several books. Currently he is principal investigator at the Nijmegen Centre for Evidence Based Practice (http://www.NCEBP.nl) and coordinates a large research program of “implementation science.” This program focuses on performance indicators, sustainable improvement, pharmaceutical patient care, prevention of infections, and professional development. He also holds honorary positions at the Universities of Manchester (UK) and Heidelberg (Germany).
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Volume 86, Issue 1 (pages 157–162)
Published in 2008
In This Issue
Health Research Funding Agencies’ Support and Promotion of Knowledge Translation: An International Study