The Milbank Memorial Fund is an endowed operating foundation that publishes The Milbank Quarterly, commissions projects, and convenes state health policy decision makers on issues they identify as important to population health.
We focus on a number of topic areas identified by state health policy leaders as important to population health.
The Center for Evidence-based Policy at Oregon Health & Science University is a national leader in evidence-based decision making and policy design.
Keep up with news and updates from the Milbank Memorial Fund. Get the latest from thought leaders, including Christopher F. Koller, president of the Fund.
We publish The Milbank Quarterly, as well as reports, issues briefs, and case studies on topics important to population health.
June 2009 (Volume 87)
Robert A. Aronowitz is professor of the history and sociology of science and family practice and community medicine at the University of Pennsylvania (Penn). He is also co-director of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health and Society Scholars Program at Penn. He is an internist and historian of medicine, who works mainly on the history of disease in the United States. His latest book,Unnatural History: Breast Cancer and American Society (Cambridge 2007), explores the history of the felt experience of breast cancer, doctor-patient decision making, and ideas about the disease from the early nineteenth century to the present.
Ross C. Brownson is a professor of epidemiology at Washington University in St. Louis. He is involved in numerous community-level studies designed to reduce modifiable risk factors such as physical inactivity, obesity, and tobacco use. In particular, he is interested in the impacts of environmental and policy interventions on health behaviors. Brownson is the author of 6 books and over 220 peer-reviewed articles. He is associate editor of the Annual Review of Public Health and serves on the editorial boards of four other journals. Brownson is active in numerous professional associations, including the American Public Health Association and the Missouri Public Health Association. He is a board member of the American College of Epidemiology.
Ceri Butler is a lecturer in health services research in the Research Department of Primary Care and Policy Studies, University College London. With a BSc(Econ) in economics and politics and an MSc in policy research from Queen Mary, University of London, Butler is an experienced multimethod researcher in the fields of health services research, immigration, and regeneration.
Kalipso Chalkidou is director of the policy consulting arm of the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE), which works with governments and governmental agencies abroad who are interested in the NICE model of using evidence to inform health policy and practice. Between 2007 and 2008, she spent a year in the United States as a Commonwealth Fund Harkness Fellow, studying conditional coverage schemes for expensive new technologies at the Center for Medical Technology Policy and government drug pricing policies at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Chalkidou worked as a surgical trainee in the United Kingdom National Health System hospitals in Newcastle and Cambridge. She has a doctorate in molecular biology from Newcastle University and an MD from the University of Athens Medical School and is an honorary lecturer at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.
Kimberly Crouch recently graduated from the University of Alabama at Birmingham with a BS in psychology. She plans to pursue a PhD in medical/clinical psychology at the University of Alabama at Birmingham beginning in the fall. Her research interests include substance abuse, psychopathology, and dual diagnosis, especially among low-income and homeless populations.
Robert E. Cusimano received BS degrees in mathematics and psychology from the University of Alabama at Birmingham. He currently works at the JBS Mental Health/Mental Retardation Authority, assisting the severely mentally ill and homeless populations. He is applying to graduate programs in psychology for fall 2010.
Trisha Greenhalgh is a general medical practitioner in London and professor of primary health care at University College London. She leads a research program on complex change in health services and has an academic interest in philosophical and methodological aspects of health services research. She is the author of over one hundred peer-reviewed publications and seven textbooks.
Jane Hughes is a social scientist specializing in qualitative evaluation of developments in health services. Her experience in research and evaluation includes a variety of projects for health care providers and third-sector organizations in the United Kingdom. She is a research fellow in the Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery at King’s College London. Hughes has an MSc.
Charlotte Humphrey is professor of health care evaluation at King’s College London. She has undertaken a range of research studies concerned with the conceptualization and implementation of institutional and professional regulatory processes, major quality improvement initiatives, and strategies for engaging different stakeholder groups in identifying and dealing with risk and failure and promoting high-quality care. She holds a PhD in health policy, an MSc in sociology as applied to medicine, and a BA in painting and printmaking.
Stefan G. Kertesz is a scientist with the Birmingham Veterans Affairs Medical Center for Surgical, Medical Acute Care Research and Transitions and assistant professor at the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine. A physician trained in internal and preventive medicine, Kertesz provided primary medical care in homeless care settings from 1996 to 2008, and he serves organizations dedicated to addressing homelessness in Birmingham. His teaching and research focus on improving addiction and primary medical care for vulnerable populations. He holds an MD and an MSc.
Ruth Lopert is principal medical adviser in the Australian government’s Therapeutic Goods Administration and is a public health physician and a pharmaco-epidemiologist. In 2006–2007 Lopert was a Commonwealth Fund Harkness Fellow and visiting associate professor in the Department of Health Policy at George Washington University in Washington, D.C. Prior to taking up her fellowship, Lopert established and directed the Pharmaceutical Policy Taskforce in the Australian Department of Health and Ageing (DoHA) and was senior medical adviser in the Pharmaceutical Benefits Branch of DoHA. Lopert is a member of the World Health Organization Expert Advisory Panel on Drug Policies and Management, and her research interests include pharmaceutical policy, pharmaceutical IP, drug pricing, and access to medicines.
Fraser Macfarlane is a senior lecturer in health care management at the University of Surrey. He is the program leader for the MSc in Health Care Management, and his research interests include the diffusion and sustainability of innovations in health care settings. He trained as a biochemist and has a PhD in organizational sociology from the University of Surrey. He is a fellow of the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development.
J. Michael McWilliams is assistant professor of health care policy and medicine at Harvard Medical School and a general internist in the Division of General Internal Medicine and Primary Care at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, where he practices primary care and teaches medical residents. McWilliams received his bachelor’s degree with highest distinction in biology as a Morehead Scholar at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, his MD degree magna cum laude from Harvard Medical School, and his PhD degree in health policy with a concentration in evaluative sciences and statistics from Harvard University. His research focuses on access to care, quality of care, health care costs, and health disparities among aging adults with chronic conditions.
Jesse B. Milby is professor in the University of Alabama at Birmingham’s (UAB) Department of Psychology, School of Medicine, Division of Preventive Medicine, and the School of Public Health’s Department of Health Behavior. He is the director of UAB’s Medical/Clinical Psychology Doctoral Program and the former chief of the Birmingham Veterans Affairs (VA) Psychology Service, where he helped develop the day hospital Therapeutic Goal Management methods, which have been adapted for homeless substance abusers, and initiated the VA’s Homeless Veterans Program. A diplomate in clinical psychology, he has published in psychopharmacology, including animal models, and extensively in substance abuse assessment and treatment methods, and behavioral psychotherapy.
Edward J. Mullen is the Willma and Albert Musher Chair Professor at Columbia University’s School of Social Work, where he directs the Willma and Albert Musher Program. Previously he was professor at the University of Chicago and Fordham University. He was principal investigator for a National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)-funded predoctoral training program in mental health services research at Columbia University (1989–2007) and an NIMH-funded predoctoral and postdoctoral training program at the University of Chicago (1984–1989). His research and publications have focused on evidence-based policy and practice, outcomes measurement in the human services, mental health services research, and research applications in social work practice. He teaches evidence-based practice, social work research methods, and systematic review methods.
Mona Nasser is a methodologist in the department of health information at the German Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG), which publishes Germany’s national health information website. She graduated as a dentist and worked as a lecturer in evidence-based medicine at Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services in Tehran, Iran. She was the coordinator of the Cochrane Developing Countries Network from its establishment until her move to Germany and still works closely with the Cochrane Collaboration as a member of various Cochrane entities and the RevMan Advisory Group. Her publications include ten Cochrane systematic reviews along with a number of publications focusing on systematic reviews and the history of medicine.
Robin P. Newhouse is assistant dean, doctor of nursing practice studies, and associate professor at the University of Maryland School of Nursing. She has published, presented, and consulted nationally and internationally on the topic of evidence-based practice. She received the 2005 International Research Utilization Award from Sigma Theta Tau International and the 2007 Pathfinder of the Year Award from the Maryland Nurses Association. She is a member of the American Nurses Credentialing Center’s Research Council and a member of the Council for Training in Evidence-Based Behavioral Practice at Northwestern University. Her research focusing on the impact of nursing on patient outcomes has been funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, and the Tri-Council for Nursing.
Ray Pawson is professor of social research methodology at the University of Leeds in the United Kingdom. He holds a BA and PhD in sociology. His publications include A Measure for Measures: Manifesto for Empirical Sociology (Routledge 1989), Realistic Evaluation(Sage 1997), and Evidence-Based Policy: A Realist Perspective (Sage 2006).
Lise Rochaix is full professor in economics, with a PhD from the University of York in the United Kingdom. She is currently in secondment at the French National Authority for Health (HAS) as member of the board and chair of the technology appraisal committee in charge of economic and public health dimensions. Before joining HAS, she was chair of the Economics Department at the Université de la Méditerranée Aix-Marseille II, where she was responsible for the public economics master’s degree program, teaching public economics, labor economics, and health economics. She is a member of the board of directors of the French economics association (Association Française de Sciences Economiques) and a member of the French association of health economists (Collège des Economistes de la Santé). Her research is mainly in health economics, and her areas of interest are related to regulatory issues, in particular the analysis of incentives and their impact on both providers and patients, from an efficiency and an equity point of view. She has published a large number of articles on these topics and also taken part in various governmental task force reports on health care reforms.
Jason M. Satterfield is associate professor, director of social and behavioral science curricula, and director of behavioral medicine in the Division of General Internal Medicine at the University of California, San Francisco. He received his PhD from the University of Pennsylvania in 1995, where he worked with Martin Seligman and Aaron T. Beck. Satterfield’s interests include cognitive and explanatory models of illness, functional somatic syndromes, and the role of provider bias in health care disparities. His current projects include integrated behavioral health models for primary care, cognitive-behavioral therapy in end-of-life care, and the integration of culture and behavioral sciences in medical school curricula.
Peter T. Sawicki is professor at the University of Cologne and director of the German Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG). IQWiG evaluates medical services in an effort to promote evidence-based medical practice and gives scientific advice to the German Federal Ministry of Health and the German Federal Joint Committee. He received his medical education in Bonn and Duesseldorf, including postgraduate work in internal medicine at the Medical Faculty of the Heinrich-Heine University in Duesseldorf. Sawicki has held numerous academic posts, conducting research on diabetes, renal diseases, hypertension, cardiology, and anticoagulation, with a focus on patient education around the management of chronic diseases. He has published numerous articles in peer-reviewed journals. He holds an MD and a PhD.
Joseph E. Schumacher is professor of medicine at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) School of Medicine and director of the Behavioral Science and Prevention Core for the UAB Center for AIDS Research. He has devoted twenty years to research and treatment of substance-related and other co-occurring mental disorders. He and his colleagues have applied contingency management principles to treat homeless persons with crack cocaine addiction in the United States. He and Ukrainian colleague Kostyantyn Dumchev are transporting the behavioral day treatment intervention from the same research to opiate injection drug users in Ukraine. More recently, Schumacher has become interested in the interplay between HIV risk, HIV treatment, and injection and non-injection substance abuse behaviors. He holds a PhD.
Bonnie Spring is professor of preventive medicine, psychology, and psychiatry and behavioral sciences; co-program leader in cancer prevention; and director of behavioral medicine at Northwestern University; and a research scientist at the Edward Hines, Jr. Veterans Affairs Hospital. Spring earned a PhD in psychology from Harvard University and a diplomate in clinical health psychology from the American Board of Professional Psychology. She is the current president of the Society of Behavioral Medicine (SBM), a winner of SBM’s Distinguished Research Mentor award, and a member of the executive council of the Academy of Behavioral Medicine Research. She founded and chairs the National Institutes of Health–sponsored Council for Training in Evidence-Based Behavioral Practice.
Sean Tunis is founder and director of the Center for Medical Technology Policy in San Francisco, where he works with health care decision makers, experts, and stakeholders to improve the value of clinical research on new and existing medical technologies. Through September of 2005, Tunis was the director of the Office of Clinical Standards and Quality and chief medical officer at the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). He also co-chaired the CMS Council on Technology and Innovation. Before joining CMS, Tunis was a senior research scientist with the Technology Assessment Group, the director of the health program at the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment, and a health policy advisor to the U.S. Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources. He received a BS in biology and history of science from the Cornell University College of Agriculture and Life Sciences and a medical degree and master’s degree in health services research from the Stanford University School of Medicine. Tunis is board certified in internal medicine and holds adjunct faculty positions at the Johns Hopkins and Stanford University Schools of Medicine.
Barbara B. Walker is currently a clinical professor in the Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences at Indiana University in Bloomington, Indiana. Prior to joining the faculty at Indiana University in 2004, she was a member of the Brown University Medical School for over twenty years, where she served as clinical director of behavioral medicine. She currently teaches evidence-based practice to graduate students, has published papers and delivered numerous talks on this topic, and is nationally recognized as an expert in evidence-based practice as it applies to the field of clinical psychology. She holds a PhD.
Evelyn P. Whitlock is a senior investigator at the Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research (KPCHR), a board-certified preventive medicine physician, and the KPCHR director of evidence-based medicine. She serves on the Senior Leadership Team under Mary Durham at KPCHR, representing scientific issues, particularly those focused on evidence-based medicine and policy. Whitlock is associate director of the Oregon Evidence-based Practice Center (EPC), a multi-institute collaboration between KPCHR, Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), and the Portland Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Whitlock serves as the principal investigator for the United States Preventive Services Task Force and as co-principal investigator for the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality’s Scientific Resource Center for its Effective Healthcare Program. Whitlock is also an adjunct associate professor in the OHSU Department of Medical Informatics and Clinical Epidemiology and a clinical associate professor in the OHSU Department of Health and Preventive Medicine. She holds an MD and an MPH.
Bertrand Xerri is currently the deputy director of the Department of Medico-Economics and Public Health Evaluation at the French National Authority for Health (HAS). Previously, Xerri was head of the Drug Assessment Department and head of the Department of Innovation and Quality of Medical Information at HAS. Prior to joining HAS, he was head of the Technology Assessment Department at the French National Agency for Accreditation and Evaluation in Health. He holds an MD.
Read on Wiley Online Library
Read on JSTOR
Volume 87, Issue 2 (pages 535–542)
Published in 2009
In This Issue
Housing First for Homeless Persons With Active Addiction: Are We Overreaching?