The Milbank Memorial Fund is an endowed operating foundation that publishes The Milbank Quarterly, commissions projects, and convenes state health policy decision makers on issues they identify as important to population health.
We focus on a number of topic areas identified by state health policy leaders as important to population health.
The Center for Evidence-based Policy at Oregon Health & Science University is a national leader in evidence-based decision making and policy design.
Keep up with news and updates from the Milbank Memorial Fund. Get the latest from thought leaders, including Christopher F. Koller, president of the Fund.
We publish The Milbank Quarterly, as well as reports and issues briefs on topics important to population health.
June 1994 (Volume 72)
June 1994 | John P. Bunker, Howard S. Frazier, Frederick Mosteller
The impact of medical care on the quality and length of life of the population has been poorly documented. The rapid growth of evidence of efficacy of therapy for individual medical conditions now offers the opportunity to create an inventory of benefits. A method for creating such an inventory is described, as is its application to a selection of condition-treatment pairs, chosen for their high incidence of prevalence, their serious outcomes, and the demonstrated efficacy of their treatment. An aggregate effect of medical care on life expectancy is found to be roughly five years during this century, with a further potential of two years. Although there is no overall index of quality of life analogous to life expectancy, our inventory demonstrates the enormous burden of pain, suffering, and dysfunction that afflicts the population for which medical care can provide a large measure of relief.
Author(s): John P. Bunker; Howard S. Frazier; Frederick Mosteller
Read on JSTOR
Volume 72, Issue 2 (pages 225–258)
Published in 1994
The Changing Boundaries of the American Hospital
Trust and Informed Consent to Rationing