We focus on a number of topic areas identified by state health policy leaders as important to population health.
Keep up with news and updates from the Milbank Memorial Fund. Get the latest from thought leaders, including Christopher F. Koller, president of the Fund.
We publish The Milbank Quarterly, as well as reports, issues briefs, and case studies on topics important to population health.
The Center for Evidence-based Policy at Oregon Health & Science University is a national leader in evidence-based decision making and policy design.
The Milbank Memorial Fund is an endowed operating foundation that publishes The Milbank Quarterly, commissions projects, and convenes state health policy decision makers on issues they identify as important to population health.
S1 1987 (Volume 65)
January 1987 | Douglas C. Ewbank
Most estimates of historical trends in mortality are imperfect, the more so when measuring relative improvements between races. Combining information from birth and death registration, slave records, and census data, gives a picture of uneven progress. Urban-rural and regional differences have diminished for all-but especially for whites-with sanitary, nutritional, and medical care improvements. By 1940 blacks in all parts of the country were experiencing mortality rates comparable to those that whites had experienced 20 years earlier. Persistent black-white mortality differentials undoubtedly relate to unequal educational, employment, and income determinants of access.
Author(s): Douglas C. Ewbank
Download the Article
Read on JSTOR
Volume 65, Issue S1 (pages 100–128)
Health Differentials between Blacks and Whites: Recent Trends in Mortality and Morbidity
Black-White Differences in Health Status: Methods or Substance?
Get the Latest from the Milbank Memorial Fund