Counting Backward to Health Care’s Future: Using Time-to-Death Modeling to Identify Changes in End-of-Life Morbidity and the Impact of Aging on Health Care Expenditure

In most developed countries, as the largest population cohorts approach the age of sixty-five, the impact of population aging on health care expenditures has become a topic of growing interest. This articles examines trends in elderly disability and end-of-life morbidity, estimations of the cost of dying, and models of expenditures as a function of both age and time-to-death and finds broad improvement in mortality and morbidity among the elderly in the developed world. Reduced mortality and low growth in the costs associated with dying could reduce forecasted expenditures, but high growth in expenditures for those not close to death and for nonhospital services could create new economic pressures on health care systems.

Author(s): Greg Payne; Audrey Laporte; Raisa Deber; Peter C. Coyte

Keywords: health care expenditures; cost-of-dying; time-to-death; aging; demographics; compression of morbidity

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Volume 85, Issue 2 (pages 213–257)
DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-0009.2007.00485.x
Published in 2007