The Fund supports several networks of state health policymakers to help identify, inspire, and inform policy leaders.
The Fund identifies and shares policy ideas and analysis on topics important to state health policymakers, particularly on issues related to state leadership, primary care, aging, and total costs of care.
Keep up with news and updates from the Milbank Memorial Fund. And read the latest blogs from our thought leaders, including Fund President Christopher F. Koller.
The Fund publishes The Milbank Quarterly, as well as reports, issues briefs, and case studies on topics important to health policy leaders.
The Milbank Memorial Fund is an endowed operating foundation that publishes The Milbank Quarterly, commissions projects, and convenes state health policy decision makers on issues they identify as important to population health.
June 1994 (Volume 72)
M. Susan Marquis
Gerald F. Kominski
Milbank Memorial Fund
Back to The Milbank Quarterly
The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1989 (OBRA89) established volume performance standards (VPSs) as a key element in Medicare physician reform. This policy requires making choices along three dimensions: the risk pool, the scope and nature of the standard, and the application of the standard. VPSs have most effectively controlled expenditures and changed physician behavior when they use states as the risk pool, are composed entirely of Medicare Part B services, and establish per capita utilization targets. The institution of separate standards for voluntarily formed physician groups would pose substantial administrative challenges and has the potential to effect adverse outcomes. Instead, Congress should continue to encourage prepaid plans for the purpose of lowering health care use. Under current law, VPSs will be used to adjust future price increases. Congress may not wish to emulate the example of countries that have imposed expenditure ceilings to control costs unless the current method of using VPSs proves unsuccessful.
Author(s): M. Susan Marquis; Gerald F. Kominski
Download the article
Read on JSTOR
Volume 72, Issue 2 (pages 329–357) Published in 1994
Get the Latest from the Milbank Memorial Fund
The Milbank Quarterly’s multidisciplinary approach and commitment to applying the best empirical research to practical policymaking offers in-depth assessments of the social, economic, historical, legal, and ethical dimensions of health and health care policy.