The Milbank Memorial Fund is an endowed operating foundation that publishes The Milbank Quarterly, commissions projects, and convenes state health policy decision makers on issues they identify as important to population health.
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The Center for Evidence-based Policy at Oregon Health & Science University is a national leader in evidence-based decision making and policy design.
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We publish The Milbank Quarterly, as well as reports, issues briefs, and case studies on topics important to population health.
March 2004 (Volume 82)
March 2004 | Scott Burris, Kim M. Blankenship, Martin Donoghoe, Susan Sherman, Jon S. Vernick, Patricia Case, Zita Lazzarini, Stephen Koester
Ecological models of the determinants of health and the consequent importance of structural interventions have been widely accepted, but using these models in research and practice has been challenging. Examining the role of criminal law enforcement in the “risk environment” of injection drug users (IDUs) provides an opportunity to apply structural thinking to the health problems associated with drug use. This article reviews international evidence that laws and law enforcement practices influence IDU risk. It argues that more research is needed at four levels-laws; management of law enforcement agencies; knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and practices of frontline officers; and attitudes and experiences of IDUs-and that such research can be the basis of interventions within law enforcement to enhance IDU health.
Author(s): Scott Burris; Kim M. Blankenship; Martin Donoghoe; Susan Sherman; Jon S. Vernick; Patricia Case; Zita Lazzarini; Stephen Koester
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Volume 82, Issue 1 (pages 125–156)
Published in 2004
Changes in Elderly Disability Rates and the Implications for Health Care Utilization and Cost
Social Determinants and Their Unequal Distribution: Clarifying Policy Understandings