The Milbank Memorial Fund is an endowed operating foundation that publishes The Milbank Quarterly, commissions projects, and convenes state health policy decision makers on issues they identify as important to population health.
We focus on a number of topic areas identified by state health policy leaders as important to population health.
The Center for Evidence-based Policy at Oregon Health & Science University is a national leader in evidence-based decision making and policy design.
Keep up with news and updates from the Milbank Memorial Fund. Get the latest from thought leaders, including Christopher F. Koller, president of the Fund.
We publish The Milbank Quarterly, as well as reports, issues briefs, and case studies on topics important to population health.
July 11, 2018 | Andrea D. Bennett, Pam Curtis, and Curtis S. Harrod
The Health of Aging Populations
As the US population ages, the demand for long-term care options has grown. Special focus has been on Medicaid programs, which pay for most long-term services and supports (LTSS) in this country. But as public policy has shifted LTSS from institutional settings to home- and community-based settings, new questions arise for policymakers who want to know how Medicaid agencies measure the quality of home- and community-based services (HCBS), how they pay for them, and how to encourage more cost-effective services.
One alternative payment model for HCBS that has attracted attention is “bundled payments,” a package of health care services paid for as a set. They are currently used in Arkansas and Colorado, where assisted-living facilities or contracted home health agencies receive a daily rate to provide HCBS.
To help state policymakers address the challenges of developing HCBS, the Medicaid Evidence-based Decisions Project (MED) commissioned a report focused on alternative payment methods and quality metrics for HCBS. MED is a self-governing collaboration of state Medicaid agencies, based at the Center for Evidence-based Policy (CEBP) at Oregon Health & Science University.
This report, adapted from the MED report, is also authored by CEBP staff and addresses the same questions for a broader audience. It offers tools, resources, and examples for policymakers as they look for innovative ways to reimburse for and assess quality in Medicaid HCBS, a challenge that will grow in the future as Medicaid enrolls more elderly Americans.
Resource file (PDF)
Executive summary (PDF)
The Milbank Memorial Fund is an endowed operating foundation that works to improve the health of populations by connecting leaders and decision makers with the best available evidence and experience.
Creating An Age-Friendly Public Health System: Challenges, Opportunities, and Next Steps
March 30, 2018
Strengthening Medicaid Long-Term Services and Supports in an Evolving Policy Environment: A Toolkit for States
December 7, 2017
How Can States Support an Aging Population? Actions Policymakers Can Take
June 8, 2016