The Milbank Memorial Fund is an endowed operating foundation that publishes The Milbank Quarterly, commissions projects, and convenes state health policy decision makers on issues they identify as important to population health.
We focus on a number of topic areas identified by state health policy leaders as important to population health.
The Center for Evidence-based Policy at Oregon Health & Science University is a national leader in evidence-based decision making and policy design.
Keep up with news and updates from the Milbank Memorial Fund. Get the latest from thought leaders, including Christopher F. Koller, president of the Fund.
We publish The Milbank Quarterly, as well as reports, issues briefs, and case studies on topics important to population health.
News and Updates
January 17, 2019
A certificate of public advantage (COPA) is a tool used by states to permit and oversee hospital mergers that create monopoly powers. A few months ago, we published a paper about the use of a COPA in Tennessee and Virginia.
But what happens when a COPA is repealed? In a new issue brief, Erin Fuse Brown, of Georgia State University College of Law, takes a look at the COPA law in North Carolina that was enacted in 1993 and repealed in 2015. The paper describes the circumstances of the establishment of the COPA in North Carolina and how its repeal created a regulatory void in state oversight that allowed the merged hospital system, Mission Health, to become an unregulated monopoly. It also compares the terms of the North Carolina COPA with those of the Tennessee and Virginia COPA. The issue brief provides a cautionary tale for other states considering COPAs to avoid the potential adverse effects of health care consolidation.
Read the issue brief.
The Milbank Memorial Fund is an endowed operating foundation that works to improve the health of populations by connecting leaders and decision makers with the best available evidence and experience.
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